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Original scientific paper

New Insights about St Michael’s Church in Ston

Ivana Tomas ; Department of Art History, Faculty of Humanities, Unversity of Zagreb

Fulltext: english, pdf (3 MB) pages 41-60 downloads: 1.275* cite
APA 6th Edition
Tomas, I. (2016). New Insights about St Michael’s Church in Ston. Ars Adriatica, (6), 41-60. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701
MLA 8th Edition
Tomas, Ivana. "New Insights about St Michael’s Church in Ston." Ars Adriatica, vol. , no. 6, 2016, pp. 41-60. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701. Accessed 21 Sep. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Tomas, Ivana. "New Insights about St Michael’s Church in Ston." Ars Adriatica , no. 6 (2016): 41-60. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701
Harvard
Tomas, I. (2016). 'New Insights about St Michael’s Church in Ston', Ars Adriatica, (6), pp. 41-60. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701 (Accessed 21 September 2020)
Vancouver
Tomas I. New Insights about St Michael’s Church in Ston. Ars Adriatica [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2020 September 21];(6):41-60. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701
IEEE
I. Tomas, "New Insights about St Michael’s Church in Ston", Ars Adriatica, vol., no. 6, pp. 41-60, 2016. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701. [Accessed: 21 September 2020]
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (3 MB) pages 41-60 downloads: 214* cite
APA 6th Edition
Tomas, I. (2016). Nova promišljanja o crkvi Sv. Mihajla u Stonu. Ars Adriatica, (6), 41-60. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701
MLA 8th Edition
Tomas, Ivana. "Nova promišljanja o crkvi Sv. Mihajla u Stonu." Ars Adriatica, vol. , no. 6, 2016, pp. 41-60. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701. Accessed 21 Sep. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Tomas, Ivana. "Nova promišljanja o crkvi Sv. Mihajla u Stonu." Ars Adriatica , no. 6 (2016): 41-60. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701
Harvard
Tomas, I. (2016). 'Nova promišljanja o crkvi Sv. Mihajla u Stonu', Ars Adriatica, (6), pp. 41-60. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701 (Accessed 21 September 2020)
Vancouver
Tomas I. Nova promišljanja o crkvi Sv. Mihajla u Stonu. Ars Adriatica [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2020 September 21];(6):41-60. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701
IEEE
I. Tomas, "Nova promišljanja o crkvi Sv. Mihajla u Stonu", Ars Adriatica, vol., no. 6, pp. 41-60, 2016. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701. [Accessed: 21 September 2020]

Abstracts
St Michael’s church in Ston is an important monument
of medieval architectural heritage within a wider area of
Dubrovnik and the only positively attested monument
of the so-called southern Dalmatian single-nave dome
type in the area of historical Zahumlje. The church stands
on the top of the Gradac hill or St Michael’s Mount (107
m.a.s.l.), at the location of an earlier fortification. Based
on an analysis of St Michael’s architecture, as well as its
stone furnishing, the author has argued that the church
is pre-Romaneseque in origin. It has also been suggested
that the belfry (the structure to the west) was built together
with the church, since the concept of the ground plan (the
width-length ratio, the slightly protruding apse), its small
dimensions, as well as its vertical stratigraphy (the belfry
and the dome) indicate that it was constructed as a ruler’s
chapel. It is most probable that the church was dedicated to
Archangel Michael from the very beginning, as the cult of
the heavenly host-leader as the patron saint of rulers and
their military campaigns was widespread among the upper
classes in the early Middle Ages. The time of construction
should most probably be connected with the first historically
attested and significant ruler of Ston – Duke Mihajlo
Višević (before 910 – after 928), who raised Ston to an administrative
and ecclesiastical centre of this Sclavinia.
An analysis of the younger layer of sculpture in St
Michael’s (the monumental window frames and a fragment
with human face), as well as its murals, has suggested
that the ruler’s chapel was furnished more richly
around the mid-11th century. Considering the historical
sources on Ston in this period, it has been suggested
that its renovation took place at the initiative of Stefan
Vojislav (before 1018 – 1043/1050), founder of the
Vojislavljević dynasty. This hypothesis is supported by
the fact that Vojislav, having defeated Byzantium and
its allies (among them the distinguished Duke Ljutovit
of Zahumlje) conquered the seat of Zahumlje’s rulers.
It may be presumed that he spent some time there as
well, since the Byzantine writer Kekaumenos mentions
that Vojislav was a toparch in Ston and that he captured
the strategos of Dubrovnik. Thus, the conquest of Ston,
as well as the glorious victory over both Byzantium
and Ljutovit leading the allied army, imposes itself as
the probable reason why Stefan Vojislav renovated the
church in Ston, namely in order to celebrate his military
triumph in the chapel of the defeated ruler of Zahumlje.
The reconstruction most probably took place
between 1042/43 and 1050, after Vojislav’s victory and
before his death.

Keywords
St Michael’s church; Ston; architecture; sculpture; murals; 10th century; 11th century; Mihajlo Višević; Stefan Vojislav

Hrčak ID: 170701

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/170701

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