hrcak mascot   Srce   HID

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.11

Gender specific differences of the ethanol and nicotine toxicity verified by the use of mathematical models

KRISTINA TUŠEK ; Institute of Emergency Medicine Krapina-Zagorje County, Mirka Crkvenca 1, 49000 Krapina, Croatia
IVANA BUNTAK   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-4607-5465 ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
JASENKA GAJDOŠ KLJUSURIĆ   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-6657-7337 ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
ANA JURINJAK TUŠEK ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (932 KB) str. 76-87 preuzimanja: 71* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
TUŠEK, K., BUNTAK, I., GAJDOŠ KLJUSURIĆ, J. i JURINJAK TUŠEK, A. (2019). Gender specific differences of the ethanol and nicotine toxicity verified by the use of mathematical models. Croatian journal of food science and technology, 11 (1), 76-87. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.11
MLA 8th Edition
TUŠEK, KRISTINA, et al. "Gender specific differences of the ethanol and nicotine toxicity verified by the use of mathematical models." Croatian journal of food science and technology, vol. 11, br. 1, 2019, str. 76-87. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.11. Citirano 17.11.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
TUŠEK, KRISTINA, IVANA BUNTAK, JASENKA GAJDOŠ KLJUSURIĆ i ANA JURINJAK TUŠEK. "Gender specific differences of the ethanol and nicotine toxicity verified by the use of mathematical models." Croatian journal of food science and technology 11, br. 1 (2019): 76-87. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.11
Harvard
TUŠEK, K., et al. (2019). 'Gender specific differences of the ethanol and nicotine toxicity verified by the use of mathematical models', Croatian journal of food science and technology, 11(1), str. 76-87. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.11
Vancouver
TUŠEK K, BUNTAK I, GAJDOŠ KLJUSURIĆ J, JURINJAK TUŠEK A. Gender specific differences of the ethanol and nicotine toxicity verified by the use of mathematical models. Croatian journal of food science and technology [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 17.11.2019.];11(1):76-87. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.11
IEEE
K. TUŠEK, I. BUNTAK, J. GAJDOŠ KLJUSURIĆ i A. JURINJAK TUŠEK, "Gender specific differences of the ethanol and nicotine toxicity verified by the use of mathematical models", Croatian journal of food science and technology, vol.11, br. 1, str. 76-87, 2019. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.11

Sažetak
Beside the pandemic of obesity, the binge drinking becomes a huge problem. The toxicity of consuming alcohol and smoking in the late adolescent population was examined using mathematical models. The body was divided into compartments for two different models; (i) the ethanol model (4 compartments: central compartment, muscle and fat compartment, liver compartment and gastrointestinal compartment) and (ii) the nicotine model (2 compartments: liver compartment and central compartment). Different alcohol contents simulated consumptions of 90 mL of spirits; 900 mL of beer or 600 mL of wine. Nicotine metabolism simulation was performed for three different initial doses of nicotine (light, medium and strong cigarettes). Significant differences are observed regarding the gender; where the maximum ethanol concentration is reached at 0.5 h (males: 27 mmol/dm3 and females: 33 mmol/dm3) in the gastrointestinal compartment while complete nicotine degradation in the liver takes approximately 10 h and in the central compartment 15 h, respectively. The skewness and kurtosis of the toxin concentrations showed their relation with the symmetry of the toxin retention in the body. Results show preferable positively skewed distribution which implies a shorter retention time in the organism while higher kurtosis implies higher toxin concentration.

Ključne riječi
toxic effect; alcohol model; nicotine model; in vitro mathematical modelling gender

Hrčak ID: 220687

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/220687

Posjeta: 137 *