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https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1561320

Poverty and trade liberalization: empirical evidence from 21 African countries

Adegbemi Onakoya ; Economics, Babcock University, Babcock Business School, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria
Babatunde Johnson ; Economics, Babcock University, Babcock Business School, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria
Grace Ogundajo ; Accounting, Babcock University, Babcock Business School, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (2 MB) str. 635-656 preuzimanja: 55* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Onakoya, A., Johnson, B. i Ogundajo, G. (2019). Poverty and trade liberalization: empirical evidence from 21 African countries. Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja, 32 (1), 635-656. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1561320
MLA 8th Edition
Onakoya, Adegbemi, et al. "Poverty and trade liberalization: empirical evidence from 21 African countries." Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja, vol. 32, br. 1, 2019, str. 635-656. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1561320. Citirano 31.03.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Onakoya, Adegbemi, Babatunde Johnson i Grace Ogundajo. "Poverty and trade liberalization: empirical evidence from 21 African countries." Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja 32, br. 1 (2019): 635-656. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1561320
Harvard
Onakoya, A., Johnson, B., i Ogundajo, G. (2019). 'Poverty and trade liberalization: empirical evidence from 21 African countries', Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja, 32(1), str. 635-656. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1561320
Vancouver
Onakoya A, Johnson B, Ogundajo G. Poverty and trade liberalization: empirical evidence from 21 African countries. Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 31.03.2020.];32(1):635-656. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1561320
IEEE
A. Onakoya, B. Johnson i G. Ogundajo, "Poverty and trade liberalization: empirical evidence from 21 African countries", Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja, vol.32, br. 1, str. 635-656, 2019. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1561320

Sažetak
The study investigated the possible nexus between trade liberalization and poverty in 21 African countries covering the period 2005–2014. The study deployed the following econometric tests: descriptive statistics; the correlation matrix and variance inflator; the panel unit root test; the pooled OLS technique; and the panel co-integration test (Johansen co-integration test). In order to confirm the robustness and validity of the regression model result, Ramsey RESET, cross dependence, autocorrelation and heteroscedasticity tests were conducted. The findings reveal that foreign direct investment and inflation rate had a positive relationship with the human development index while exchange rates and trade openness were negatively related to poverty level at the 5 percent level. The study recommended urgent policy measures aimed at revamping the poverty alleviation programmes. The study recommended that in a bid to diversify export market, developing countries should target other developing countries in the spirit of South–South cooperation. Such countries should also consider the joining or strengthening of regional economic integration. Incentives for production and human capacity building in the export-oriented sector should be emplaced. Social and economic policies are required to protect any country against the adverse effects of lowered trade barriers.

Ključne riječi
poverty; trade liberalization; pooled OLS technique; panel co-integration test

Hrčak ID: 228608

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/228608

Posjeta: 90 *