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TRANSGENIC PLANTS EXPRESSING INSECT RESISTANCE GENES

Snježana Kereša ; Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb
Marijana Barić ; Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb
Martina Grdiša ; Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb
Jasminka Igrc Barčić ; Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb
Stefano Marchetti ; University of Udine

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (188 KB) str. 139-153 preuzimanja: 5.443* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Kereša, S., Barić, M., Grdiša, M., Igrc Barčić, J. i Marchetti, S. (2008). TRANSGENIC PLANTS EXPRESSING INSECT RESISTANCE GENES. Sjemenarstvo, 25 (2), 139-153. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/27748
MLA 8th Edition
Kereša, Snježana, et al. "TRANSGENIC PLANTS EXPRESSING INSECT RESISTANCE GENES." Sjemenarstvo, vol. 25, br. 2, 2008, str. 139-153. https://hrcak.srce.hr/27748. Citirano 20.11.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kereša, Snježana, Marijana Barić, Martina Grdiša, Jasminka Igrc Barčić i Stefano Marchetti. "TRANSGENIC PLANTS EXPRESSING INSECT RESISTANCE GENES." Sjemenarstvo 25, br. 2 (2008): 139-153. https://hrcak.srce.hr/27748
Harvard
Kereša, S., et al. (2008). 'TRANSGENIC PLANTS EXPRESSING INSECT RESISTANCE GENES', Sjemenarstvo, 25(2), str. 139-153. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/27748 (Datum pristupa: 20.11.2019.)
Vancouver
Kereša S, Barić M, Grdiša M, Igrc Barčić J, Marchetti S. TRANSGENIC PLANTS EXPRESSING INSECT RESISTANCE GENES. Sjemenarstvo [Internet]. 2008 [pristupljeno 20.11.2019.];25(2):139-153. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/27748
IEEE
S. Kereša, M. Barić, M. Grdiša, J. Igrc Barčić i S. Marchetti, "TRANSGENIC PLANTS EXPRESSING INSECT RESISTANCE GENES", Sjemenarstvo, vol.25, br. 2, str. 139-153, 2008. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/27748. [Citirano: 20.11.2019.]

Sažetak
Since first transgenic plant resistant to insects was produced some 20 years ago, a number of novel resistance genes of different origin were discovered and used for plant transformation. First transgenic insect resistant plant contained cry (Bt) gene from bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis. In the middle of 1990's transgenic maize and, some time later, cotton having cry genes started to be produced commercially. In the European Union several maize events having cry genes and conferring resistance either to European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner) or western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) have been approved for food and feed, some for cultivation as well. Several other maize events having stacked two or more genes for insect resistance or genes for insect resistance and herbicide tolerance have also been approved. Very effective insecticidal genes named vip, also originating from Bacillus species (B. thuringiensis and B. cereus) are very close to commercial exploitation. Promising results were, also, obtained, when other genes like those for enzyme cholesterol oxidase (microbial origin), avidin (from chicken egg white), chitinase and neuropeptides (insect origin) were used for plant transformation to confer insect resistance. Plants naturally produce different secondary metabolites that, if the expression level of those antimetabolites is high enough, adversely affect insects. A pest insect, in order to be able to feed on some plant species, has to develop resistance to certain antimetabolites that specific plant produces. However, expression of plant resistance genes from other plant species driven by strong promoters enables development of plants also resistant to pest insects that earlier easily fed on certain plant species. Genes of three groups of plant protein antimetabolites were used for this purpose: (i) proteinase inhibitors, (ii) α-amylase inhibitors and (iii) lectins. While single proteinase inhibitors have quite a narrow spectrum of insecticidal activity, lectins show insecticidal activity to different orders of insects, even to sap-sucking insects belonging to the order Homoptera. Breeding new cultivars resistant to insect pests should be continued, and special efforts should be made in production of insect resistant transgenic plants that will hinder the development of insect resistance to the recombinantly- expressed antimetabolites or toxins. Possible way to achieve this is the stacking of two or more insecticidal genes with different mode of action into the same plant.

Ključne riječi
transgenic plant; insect resistance; Bt toxin; proteinase inhibitor; avidin

Hrčak ID: 27748

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/27748

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 6.065 *