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Jezikoslovlje, Vol.9 No.1-2 Prosinac 2008.

Izvorni znanstveni članak

Failing without trying

J. Lachlan Mackenzie ; VU University Amsterdam & ILTEC, Lisboa

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (209 KB) str. 53-85 preuzimanja: 550* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Mackenzie, J.L. (2008). Failing without trying. Jezikoslovlje, 9 (1-2), 53-85. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
Mackenzie, J. Lachlan. "Failing without trying." Jezikoslovlje, vol. 9, br. 1-2, 2008, str. 53-85. Citirano 11.12.2018.
Chicago 17th Edition
Mackenzie, J. Lachlan. "Failing without trying." Jezikoslovlje 9, br. 1-2 (2008): 53-85.
Mackenzie, J.L. (2008). 'Failing without trying', Jezikoslovlje, 9(1-2), str. 53-85. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 11.12.2018.)
Mackenzie JL. Failing without trying. Jezikoslovlje [Internet]. 2008 [pristupljeno 11.12.2018.];9(1-2):53-85. Dostupno na:
J.L. Mackenzie, "Failing without trying", Jezikoslovlje, vol.9, br. 1-2, str. 53-85, 2008. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 11.12.2018.]

The article presents an analysis of the over 12,000 occurrences of fail and failure
followed by to in the 100m-word British National Corpus. In its lexical use, fail is
a negative-implicative verb of the type identified in the seventies by Karttunen
and Givón (Susan tried and failed to seduce her teacher). In its grammaticalized
use, however, it functions as an alternative to not (It failed to rain last night = It
didn’t rain last night; The fur failed to fly at the meeting = The fur didn’t fly at the
meeting). We analyse the latter use of fail firstly as a subject-raising verb and ultimately
as a grammatical operator of negation with periphrastic exponence of the
type proposed by Ackerman & Stump. Various presuppositions connected with
the lexical sense of fail persist in its grammaticalized use, but not where fail is followed
by to be. An application of Functional Discourse Grammar reveals that the
periphrastic negative has narrower scope than not, which leads to an examination
of the use of fail in litotes. The article concludes with discussion of the semantic
and pragmatic motivations for the grammaticalization.

Ključne riječi
Functional Discourse Grammar; grammaticalization; subject-raising verbs; negative-implicative verbs; grammatical operator of negation; periphrastic negative

Hrčak ID: 30678



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