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Working Characteristics of Terrain Leveler Machine in Forest Fire Road Construction and Carst Melioration

Marijan Šušnjar ; Šumarski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu
Dragutin Pičman ; Šumarski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu
Tibor Pentek ; Šumarski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu
Dubravko Horvat ; Šumarski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu
Hrvoje Nevečerel ; Šumarski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu
Krešimir Greger ; Šumarski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (237 KB) str. 493-499 preuzimanja: 604* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Šušnjar, M., Pičman, D., Pentek, T., Horvat, D., Nevečerel, H. i Greger, K. (2009). Radne značajke pokretne drobilice kamena pri gradnji šumskih protupožarnih cesta i melioraciji krša. Šumarski list, 133 (9-10), 493-499. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/42434
MLA 8th Edition
Šušnjar, Marijan, et al. "Radne značajke pokretne drobilice kamena pri gradnji šumskih protupožarnih cesta i melioraciji krša." Šumarski list, vol. 133, br. 9-10, 2009, str. 493-499. https://hrcak.srce.hr/42434. Citirano 04.07.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Šušnjar, Marijan, Dragutin Pičman, Tibor Pentek, Dubravko Horvat, Hrvoje Nevečerel i Krešimir Greger. "Radne značajke pokretne drobilice kamena pri gradnji šumskih protupožarnih cesta i melioraciji krša." Šumarski list 133, br. 9-10 (2009): 493-499. https://hrcak.srce.hr/42434
Harvard
Šušnjar, M., et al. (2009). 'Radne značajke pokretne drobilice kamena pri gradnji šumskih protupožarnih cesta i melioraciji krša', Šumarski list, 133(9-10), str. 493-499. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/42434 (Datum pristupa: 04.07.2020.)
Vancouver
Šušnjar M, Pičman D, Pentek T, Horvat D, Nevečerel H, Greger K. Radne značajke pokretne drobilice kamena pri gradnji šumskih protupožarnih cesta i melioraciji krša. Šumarski list [Internet]. 2009 [pristupljeno 04.07.2020.];133(9-10):493-499. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/42434
IEEE
M. Šušnjar, D. Pičman, T. Pentek, D. Horvat, H. Nevečerel i K. Greger, "Radne značajke pokretne drobilice kamena pri gradnji šumskih protupožarnih cesta i melioraciji krša", Šumarski list, vol.133, br. 9-10, str. 493-499, 2009. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/42434. [Citirano: 04.07.2020.]

Sažetak
The paper deals with performance of terrain leveler Vermeer T855 in forest fire road construction and carst melioration. Research was ca ried out in the Mediterranean region on southern part of Croatia (Dalmatia) exactly on the area of forest office Zadar and forest office Buzet. The research was performed during three weeks of the machine work and the following pa rameters were recorded on a daily basis: effective time, fuel consumption, number of broken knives, length of the processed route, working depth and type of surface. The data gathered covered 22 working days in total. The basic classification of the working days was made according to the depth of work and type of surface. The first 13 days the working depth was 40 cm and during first 3 days the fire-prevention road route was on the ground of loose stones, and the following 10 days, on hard stone ground. During 9 days of work on the depth of 75 cm, the machine was working 6 days on the ground consisting of loose stones and 3 days on hard rocky ground.
The measured data served to calculate on a daily basis the efficiency of the machine expressed in the length of processed route within the time unit as well as the fuel consumption per time unit and the length of the processed route and dependence of number of broken knives on the length of the processed route
The largest average productivity of the machine of 4.30 m/min has been ac hieved at the work in ground 40 cm deep consisting of loose stones. At the same working depth, the productivity appears to be considerably lower on hard rocky ground (2.42 m/min). A lower efficiency is achieved at larger wor king depth. A general conclusion can be made that the productivity depends on the working depth and the type of ground. The larger working depth and the harder ground, the lower productivity.
The same sequence occurs when the consumption of knives is examined with regard to the working conditions. On average, when working on the depth of 40 cm in loose stone ground the smallest number of knives are used up. When working at 75 cm in hard stone, the consumption could be from 15 knives/km.
The fuel consumption was researched in regard to the constructed route length and to the effective (productive) working time. There are no more signi ficant differences in fuel consumption within a time unit (from 0.89 L/min to 1.04 L/min) in regard to the working conditions. The average fuel consump tion regardless of different working conditions comes to 0.93 L/min. Neverthe less, the differences in fuel consumption according to the length of the constructed road route considerably differ with regard to the working depth and the surface. The consumption of only 0.21 L/m has been registered with the work on the depth of 40 cm in loose stone ground. At the same depth, the consumption is almost double by the route length on the rocky ground (0.41 L/m). As the working depth increases the consumption by route length increa ses too and the largest consumption was from 0.53 L/m established with the work on the depth of 75 cm in hard stone.
Based on the measurement results and introductory study, we can make a conclusion on use of the terrain leveler Vermeer T855 in construction of the forest fire-prevention roads. The advantage of the terrain leveler lies in a pos sibility of use of the stone material on the forest fire-prevention roads route as well as in new technology of construction of fire-prevention roads where the operation of a machine substitutes several construction machines.

Hrčak ID: 42434

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/42434

[hrvatski]

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