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Histria antiqua, Vol.21 No.21 August 2012.

Original scientific paper

Rivers and River Deities in Roman Period in the Croatian Part of Pannonnia

Ante RENDIĆ-MIOČEVIĆ ; Poljička ul. 29a 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: pdf (5 MB), English, Pages 293 - 306 , downloads: 176 *

Abstracts
The purpose of this contribution is to point out several remarks on river navigation, as well as on worship of river
deities, in the Croatian part of the Roman province of Pannonia. The rivers were at the Roman period the most important
were the largest European rivers, such as the Rhine and the Danube, both connecting the northern with the
southern and the western with the eastern regions of the continent. Besides the Danube (Danuvius, Danubius), the border
river of the Empire, the most important rivers for traffic, economy, trade, and often also for strategic and military matters of
Croatian part of Pannonia were the Drava (Dravus) and the Sava (Savus), together with, due to specific circumstances, the
Kupa (Colapis), as well as the Bosut (Bathinus) and some others. This is recognized in literary sources and in a vast number
of archaeological finds. On their banks were built important urban centres, together with accompanying infrastructure,
harbours, bridges, etc. In this context, an inscription on a brick from Siscia is suggestive, testifying the fact that there were
two harbours in Siscia, on both banks of the Kupa river. The most important urban centres were the colonies of Siscia (Sisak),
Mursa (Osijek) and Cibalae (Vinkovci). At the same time, Siscia was connected with Sirmium (Srijemska Mitrovica) by
the Sava river, and the Pannonian fleet (Classis Pannonica) patrolled upon it (it received the honorary title Flavia during
Vespasian’s reign).

Keywords
river navigation; Croatian part of the Roman province of Pannonia; Danube; Drava; Sava; Kupa; Bosut; deities

[Croatian]

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