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The Limits of Functional Reduction

Janez Bregant

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (252 KB) str. 219-229 preuzimanja: 940* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Bregant, J. (2007). The Limits of Functional Reduction. Synthesis philosophica, 22 (1), 219-229. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
Bregant, Janez. "The Limits of Functional Reduction." Synthesis philosophica, vol. 22, br. 1, 2007, str. 219-229. Citirano 24.11.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Bregant, Janez. "The Limits of Functional Reduction." Synthesis philosophica 22, br. 1 (2007): 219-229.
Bregant, J. (2007). 'The Limits of Functional Reduction', Synthesis philosophica, 22(1), str. 219-229. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 24.11.2020.)
Bregant J. The Limits of Functional Reduction. Synthesis philosophica [Internet]. 2007 [pristupljeno 24.11.2020.];22(1):219-229. Dostupno na:
J. Bregant, "The Limits of Functional Reduction", Synthesis philosophica, vol.22, br. 1, str. 219-229, 2007. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 24.11.2020.]

It is obvious why the antireductionist picture of mental causation, which considers mental phenomena to be causally efficacious, is so attractive: it preserves the unique nature of the mental (mental realism), while at the same time it tries to secure a place for the mental in our world which is compatible with a physicalist ideology (physical monism). But Kim’s so called argument from supervenience reminds us of the dilemma that we face while favouring antireductionist solutions of mental causation which might force us to abandon them and look for some other more plausible ones. The trouble is, namely, the following: either mental properties have causal powers or not. If they have them then we violate the causal closure principle which means a denial of physicalism. If not, then we embrace epiphenomenalism, which denies the mental causal powers of any sort. So, either we give up physicalism or accept epiphenomenalism. Since antireductionism loses both ways neither of
these options represents a true alternative for its proponents. For this reason some authors think that we should look at reductionism in order to explain mental causation in a more satisfactory manner. However, it is not the traditional Nagel model of reduction that is in play here, but some rather more sophisticated ones. The first part of the article presents the reasons for dropping classical reduction, the second part describes Kim’s functional model of reduction as one of its possible successors, and the final part of the article discusses the reasons for its failure.

Ključne riječi
reductionism; anti-reductionism; Nagel’s classical model of reduction; Kim’s functional model of reduction; Lewis-Armstrong causal theory; mental causation

Hrčak ID: 16522


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