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Opportunities for the improvement of cost accounting systems in public hospitals in Italy and Croatia: A case study

Michele Bertoni orcid id ; Università degli studi di Trieste, Scienze Economiche, Aziendali, Matematiche e Statistiche
Bruno de Rosa ; Università degli studi di Trieste, Scienze Economiche, Aziendali, Matematiche e Statistiche
Ivana Dražić Lutilsky orcid id ; Ekonomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 461 Kb

str. 109-128

preuzimanja: 1.283



The purpose of this paper is to highlight similarities and differences between one Croatian and one Italian public hospital regarding the implementation of cost accounting and full costing method in their accounting systems. Moving from the theoretical background, it is evident that cost accounting methods introduced in healthcare sector bring benefits to the whole society through an increased efficiency of the healthcare services provided. It primarily ensures better governing of hospital’s resources allowing more transparency in spending public funds. The main topic is that with the introduction of cost accounting system for internal purposes in public hospitals, the management would be able to govern them in a more efficient and effective way while reducing costs. The research for this paper was conducted through the interview of accounting officers in one Croatian and one Italian public hospital. The main results show that there are differences in legislation background regarding how they record costs, but also how they allocate costs to the cost objects and in how they use cost information in their decision-making process. In order to successfully manage public hospitals, it is crucial that true, timely and valid information are obtained as a base for the decision-making process. The cost accounting methodology is therefore essential to the management of public hospitals. It must provide information on the type and amount of resources spent, and thus enable the preconditions for control, management and potential reduction of costs.

Ključne riječi

cost accounting, full costing method, public hospitals, Italy, Croatia

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