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Separate schools – a divided community: The role of the school in post-war social reconstruction

Dinka Čorkalo Biruški ; Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Odsjek za psihologiju
Dean Ajduković ; Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Odsjek za psihologiju

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 517 Kb

str. 93-108

preuzimanja: 658



The experiences of post-conflict societies show that they continue to live with communities that are deeply divided. In the city of Vukovar, Croatia, the ethnic division is evident in all aspects of social life, including the area of schooling. The children in Vukovar attend separate classes divided according to ethnicity, and the curriculum is provided either in the Croatian or in the Serbian language. In this way, the basic condition for normalization of the inter-group relations – contact – is discouraged. In order to examine more thoroughly what kind of education Vukovar children, their parents and their teachers want and how they see the possibility of children from different ethnic backgrounds attending the same schools, we conducted an explorative study, asking 718 pupils attending elementary and high schools, 953 of their parents and 113 teachers of Croatian and Serbian origin about their attitudes towards their present and future education. These attitudes were related with the measures of inter-ethnic relations: the type of inter-ethnic contacts and friendships and the tendency to discriminate against the out-group. This helped to identify social consequences that the present separated schooling has had on the interethnic attitudes and behaviors. The possibility of schools serving as an integrative social factor in the post-conflict society is discussed.

Ključne riječi

education; minority education; inter-ethnic relations; divided community

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