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Deep eutectic solvents for purification of waste cooking oil and crude biodiesel

Ana Petračić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-3970-7762 ; Department of Mechanical and Thermal Process Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Matea Gavran ; Department of Mechanical and Thermal Process Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Ana Škunca ; Department of Mechanical and Thermal Process Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Lucija Štajduhar ; Department of Mechanical and Thermal Process Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Aleksandra Sander ; Department of Mechanical and Thermal Process Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 738 Kb

str. 21-26

preuzimanja: 118

citiraj


Sažetak

The goal of this work was to explore the applicability of deep eutectic solvents in biodiesel production process. Biodiesel was produced from waste cooking oil via base-catalysed transesterification. The efficacy of two base catalysts KOH and NaOH on the conversion of triglycerides into biodiesel was tested. Eutectic mixtures DES 1 (K2CO3  : C2H6O2  = 1 : 10) and DES 2 (C5H14ClNO  : C2H6O2 = 1 : 2) were prepared. DES 1 was used for feedstock deacidification and DES 2 for biodiesel purification via extraction. Effects of DES 2 to biodiesel ratio and the extraction duration on free glycerol removal were tested. Samples were analysed using FTIR and 1H NMR spectroscopy. Synthesis of biodiesel was carried out for 3 h at 60 ° C with mass ratio KOH : methanol : oil = 1 : 40 : 100. DES 2 was effective for purification of biodiesel. Mass ratios 0.5:1 and 1:1 proved best and 45 minutes of extraction was enough to reduce free glycerol and increase the content of fatty acid methyl esters.

Ključne riječi

Hrčak ID:

258769

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/258769

Datum izdavanja:

13.6.2021.

Posjeta: 364 *