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Re-examination of centre of buoyancy curve and its evolute for rectangular cross section, Part 2: Using quadratic functions

Dario Ban orcid id ; University of Split, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, 21000 Split, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 933 Kb

str. 17-45

preuzimanja: 73



In this paper, exact hydrostatic particulars equations for the centre of buoyancy curve and metacentric locus curve are given for rectangular cross section using quadratic functions. Those equations have not been given for the hyperbola range of the heel angles so far, and here it is done by using basic quadratic functions and their horizontally symmetric immersion shapes, with two new methods defined: 1. Rotation of basic cross section shapes, and 2. Hydrostatic cross section area complement method that uses homothety or scaling properties of emerged and immersed areas of the rectangular cross section. Observed metacentric curve for rectangle consists of semi-cubic parabolas and Lamé curve with 2/3 exponent and negative sign, resulting in the cusp discontinuities in the symmetry of those functions definition. In order to achieve above, two theorems are given: the theorem about scaling using hydrostatic cross section area complement and the theorem about parallelism of centre of buoyancy tangents with waterlines. After non-dimensional bounds are given for the existence of the swallowtail discontinuity of metacentric curve for rectangular cross section in the Part 1 of this paper, the proof of its position in the symmetry of rectangle vertex angle is given in this Part 2 of the paper, thus confirming its position from theory.

Ključne riječi

centre of buoyancy curve, metacentric curve, rectangular cross section, quadratic functions, basic geometric shapes, hydrostatic area complement

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