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Teresa Zbryrad ; Katoličko sveučilište Ivan Pavao II, Lublin, Poljska

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 372 Kb

str. 186-191

preuzimanja: 1.591



In the relation of society and technologies the individual man cannot be skipped. Firstly, because he is an integral element of the society. Secondly, technologies essentially influence human's life in direct or indirect way. Every social change, spreading processes and social movements, technological innovations, and even climatic changes - are not indifferent for the man's life and functioning. From the sociological perspective, one accepted thesis that changes that take place in the social macrostructure affect the social microstructure, but the inverse situations also happen when microstructures influence the macrostructure. The man must work to live. All social policy has its own source in working matter. The man derives many advantages from work e.g. financial means, the possibility of the self-realisation, the consciousness of the active presence in the social life etc. However work can determine also for man the source of torment, especially when certain problems appear, e.g. low salaries, difficult working conditions, discrimination of workers' rights, excessive demanding or lack of the opportunity of promotion. Stress and professional burn-out of workers become the negative result of the relation man - work. The phenomenon of stress and professional burn-out spreads more and more. The most alarming fact is that new categories of workers experience stress and professional burn-out. In this connection classical theories of professional burn-out which appealed only to menial occupations, so to those whose essence is to serve to another man, lose their meaning. Nowadays the professional burn-out does not limit only to welfare workers, teachers, nurses or doctors, but includes policemen, customs officers, military pilots or actors. The list of occupations can be expanded. Similarly it is with professional stress. Analysing the literature properly there is no such occupation, whereof stress was eliminated. It may be only less than in other occupations, but unfortunately it accompanies every profession. The article pays attention on stress and professional burn-out as the syndrome of people of work. It is proper to point out even on selected groups of workers that experience stress whose the most painful consequence is the professional burn-out. Factors that generate stress, its symptoms and results seem to be essential. Besides, one should think out on ways of its preventing. XXI century will certainly enroll into the history of the working people’s world as the period of professional stress.

Ključne riječi

stres; profesionalni zamor; posao

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