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Effect of screw configuration, moisture content and particle size of corn grits on properties of extrudates

A. Jozinović ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Franje Kuhača 20, HR-31000 Osijek, Croatia
D. Šubarić ; Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku, Prehrambeno-tehnološki fakultet Osijek, Franje Kuhača 20, 31000 Osijek, Hrvatska
Đurđica Ačkar   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-4257-2907 ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Franje Kuhača 20, HR-31000 Osijek, Croatia
J. Babić ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Franje Kuhača 20, HR-31000 Osijek, Croatia
Mirela Planinić ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Franje Kuhača 20, HR-31000 Osijek, Croatia
Mariana Pavoković ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Franje Kuhača 20, HR-31000 Osijek, Croatia
Marijana Blažić ; Karlovac University of Applied Sciences, Ivana Meštrovića 10, HR-47000 Karlovac, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (293 KB) str. 95-101 preuzimanja: 4.869* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Jozinović, A., Šubarić, D., Ačkar, Đ., Babić, J., Planinić, M., Pavoković, M. i Blažić, M. (2012). Effect of screw configuration, moisture content and particle size of corn grits on properties of extrudates. Croatian journal of food science and technology, 4 (2), 95-101. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/99616
MLA 8th Edition
Jozinović, A., et al. "Effect of screw configuration, moisture content and particle size of corn grits on properties of extrudates." Croatian journal of food science and technology, vol. 4, br. 2, 2012, str. 95-101. https://hrcak.srce.hr/99616. Citirano 22.09.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Jozinović, A., D. Šubarić, Đurđica Ačkar, J. Babić, Mirela Planinić, Mariana Pavoković i Marijana Blažić. "Effect of screw configuration, moisture content and particle size of corn grits on properties of extrudates." Croatian journal of food science and technology 4, br. 2 (2012): 95-101. https://hrcak.srce.hr/99616
Harvard
Jozinović, A., et al. (2012). 'Effect of screw configuration, moisture content and particle size of corn grits on properties of extrudates', Croatian journal of food science and technology, 4(2), str. 95-101. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/99616 (Datum pristupa: 22.09.2019.)
Vancouver
Jozinović A, Šubarić D, Ačkar Đ, Babić J, Planinić M, Pavoković M i sur. Effect of screw configuration, moisture content and particle size of corn grits on properties of extrudates. Croatian journal of food science and technology [Internet]. 2012 [pristupljeno 22.09.2019.];4(2):95-101. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/99616
IEEE
A. Jozinović, et al., "Effect of screw configuration, moisture content and particle size of corn grits on properties of extrudates", Croatian journal of food science and technology, vol.4, br. 2, str. 95-101, 2012. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/99616. [Citirano: 22.09.2019.]

Sažetak
Extrusion is a modern procedure for processing different types of raw materials and production of wide range of food products, where the corn grits are often used as main raw materials. Therefore the aim of this study was to determine the effect of screw configuration (4:1 and 1:1), moisture content (15% and 20%) and particle size of corn grits (>500 µm and <500 µm) on properties of extrudates. Samples were extruded in the laboratory single screw extruder Brabender 19/20 DN, at temperature profile 135/170/170 °C, using die with 4 mm diameter. Physical and rheological properties, digestibility and starch damage of the obtained extrudates were determined, and results were compared with control samples of non-extruded corn grits. Lower moisture content and usage of screw with compression ratio 4:1 increased expansion ratio and fracturability, but decreased bulk density and hardness of extrudates, regardless of granularity. After extrusion process water absorption index increased, but peak, hot and cold viscosity of all samples decreased, with more pronounced effect in grits extruded with lower moisture content and with screw 4:1. Extrusion caused a reduction of the resistant starch content and increase starch damage of all samples.

Ključne riječi
extrusion; corn grits; particle size; moisture content; screw configuration

Hrčak ID: 99616

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/99616

Posjeta: 5.191 *