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National (Ethnic) Identification and Preferred National (Ethnic) Identification Among Youth – the Question of Yugoslavism

Sergej Flere ; Pravni fakultet, Novi Sad, Jugoslavija

Puni tekst: srpski pdf 3.094 Kb

str. 439-453

preuzimanja: 879



Ethnic identity in Yugoslavia is usually taken to mean the belonging to one of the different ethnic groups that make up the country. A moderate resurgence of the Yugoslav ethnic identity – in counterdistinction to the Yugoslav identity as belonging to the Yugoslav federal state – has been noted recently (5.4% of the general population declared themselves to be ethnic Yugoslavs during the last population census in 1981).
The author presents the results of a research project, based on data compiled in 1981 in regard to Yugoslav youth, which found Yugoslav ethnic identification much more prominent than the general population census in 1981 did. It was found that 16% of the respondents had identified themselves as ethnic Yugoslavs and that 36% said they preferred this identification personally. Geographical distribution and ethnic background were found to influence the respondents’ acceptance of Yugoslavism more than did other social status dimensions, even though Yugoslav identification was more concentrated among the more educated.
The author examines the structural, historical and hermeneutical sources of this change, bearing in mind the different ethnic entities existing in Yugoslavia and the possibility of a lasting impact of the resurgence of Yugoslavism among youth. His conclusions are not definite, yet the full appearance of a constituted Yugoslav ethnic entity is considered less likely.

Ključne riječi

ethnic identity, national identification, youth, Yugoslavia

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski srpski

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