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VIOLENCE AMONG PEERS: THE ROLE OF VICTIMS' DEFENDERS, PERPETRATOS' HELPERS AND SUPPORTERS AND BYSTANDERS

Vesna Bilić ; Učiteljski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 285 Kb

str. 193-209

preuzimanja: 1.456

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Sažetak

This paper discusses the role of engaged, disengaged and indifferent witnesses of victimization in real and virtual worlds and factors which lead them to different reactions in violent situations.
The defenders of victims act pro-social, they want to resolve the conflict, decrease or stop violence, and show a high level of empathy, self-efficiency and personal responsibility. They ignore moral questions less than their peers, they tend to tolerate differences and have a negative attitude toward non-violence.
Among the reasons for providing an active (supporters and helpers) or passive support for the perpetrators of violence, this paper analyzes how victims and perpetrators are treated, peer pressure and interactions (blindness, peer contagion, deindividuation, loss of personal and social control), moral distancing and positive attitudes toward violence.
Disengaged observers are the largest group of children who, from a safe physical or digital distance, observe violence and refer to it indifferently, mostly because of egoistic motives, pluralistic ignorance, fear of evaluation, diffusion of responsibility or shifting the responsibility to a higher level.
The conclusion suggests that school prevention programs should focus on eyewitnesses and pay attention to raising awareness of the role which they have in reinforcing or reducing violence, their education and empowerment in order for them to evolve from a viewer to a constructive defender

Ključne riječi

violence in schools, the victims’ defenders, observers, supporters, prevention of violence

Hrčak ID:

131981

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/131981

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski njemački

Posjeta: 2.444 *