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The relationship between sense of coherence, five-factor personality traits and subjective health outcomes

Igor Kardum
Jasna Hudek-Knežević
Ana Kola

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 284 Kb

str. 79-94

preuzimanja: 2.177



In a sample of 822 adult participants the degree of overlap of the sense of coherence with five factor personality traits was examined, as well as the predictive value of the sense of coherence on the three measures of health outcomes – the frequency of respiratory, the frequency of nonrespiratory symptoms and general concern about health, after controlling for the effects of some demographic and health variables (chronic diseases, gender, age and education) and five-factor personality traits. Furthermore, the mediating role of the sense of coherence, that is the degree to which it mediates the effects of the five-factor personality traits on subjective health outcomes
was examined.
The results show that the sense of coherence shows a moderate overlap with some combinations of the five-factor personality traits, which means that, to a certain degree, the sense of coherence includes some additional aspects of functioning which are not represented in the five-factor model. The results of hierarchical regression analyses also confirm that after the effects of demographic and health variables, as well as the five-factor personality traits had been controlled for, the overall score on the sense of coherence questionnaire incrementally predicts all three measures of subjective health outcomes. The analyses in which, instead of the overall score of the sense of coherence questionnaire, all three of its components were included, show that meaningfulness incrementally predicts the frequency of non-respiratory symptoms and concern about health, while comprehensiveness incrementally predicts the frequency of respiratory symptoms.
Furthermore, the results obtained show that sense of coherence significantly mediates the effects of extraversion, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness on all three groups of subjective health outcomes, as well as that from the five-factor personality dimension only neuroticism exerts a direct effect on all three outcomes.
The results are discussed in the context of previous analyses connected with the effects of sense of coherence on health outcomes, and concerning the possible role of the sense of coherence as characteristic adaptation within the frame of five-factor theory of personality (McCrae & Costa, 1999).

Ključne riječi

sense of coherence, five-factor personality traits, physical symptoms, concern about health, chronic disease

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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