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https://doi.org/10.33128/k.62.1.1

Ethnobotanical use of wild growing plants: food, feed and folk medicine in Šestanovac municipality area

Maja Krželj orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-7015-6786 ; studentica Agronomskoga fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Ivana Vitasović Kosić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-9372-5892 ; Agronomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska


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Sažetak

Man has never abandoned the use of wild growing plants for various purposes; as food (for humans and animals), clothing, footwear, medicines, tools and weapons i.e. for everything he needs. Therefore, in order to preserve the traditional nonmaterial heritage as well as plant diversity, this ethnobotanical research, conducted in 2018, collected traditional folk knowledge on the application of edible and medicinal plants in the municipality of Šestanovac (Dalmatinska Zagora). A total of 94 taxa, their local names, and ways of using plants were recorded. The results of this research show that the largest number of species of wild growing plants are most often used as: raw salads or cooked vegetables (29), raw wild fruits (13), daily and / or medicinal teas (33), herbs (5), and 25 of them have a specific medical use. The largest number of species belongs to the families Lamiaceae (12), Rosaceae (11) and Asteraceae (10). According to the use, the inventoried plants are divided into 4 groups: food for humans, medicinal plants, animal feed and natural insecticides. The species with the highest frequency are asparagus (Asparagus acutifolius L.), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) and nettle (Urtica dioica L.), cooked separately or with other green vegetables, laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) used as spice and medicinal tea, sage (Salvia officinalis L.) and rosehip (Rosa canina L.) commonly used as everyday tea. The most unusual use in the studied area is of the Sempervivum tectorum L., which in addition to the well-known use against earache, helps with inflammatory processes after mosquito bites and Inula verbascifolia (Willd.) Hausskn.), which is used as litter for animals in the barn. The collected plant taxa are herbarized, digialized and stored in the herbarium of the Agronomy Faculty, available online (http://herbarium.agr.hr/).

Ključne riječi

edible species, medicinal herbs, traditional use, digitalization, DalmatianZagora

Hrčak ID:

243936

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/243936

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 913 *