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Logical Reasoning and Expertise: Extolling the Virtues of Connectionist Account of Enthymemes

Vanja Subotić orcid id ; Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Institut za filozofiju, Čika Ljubina 18–20, RS–11000 Beograd

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 309 Kb

str. 197-211

preuzimanja: 544


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 309 Kb

str. 197-211

preuzimanja: 105



Cognitive scientists used to deem reasoning either as a higher cognitive process based on the manipulation of abstract rules or as a higher cognitive process that is stochastic rather than involving abstract rules. I maintain that these different perspectives are closely intertwined with a theoretical and methodological endorsement of either cognitivism or connectionism. Cognitivism and connectionism represent two prevailing and opposed paradigms in cognitive science. I aim to extoll the virtues of connectionist models of enthymematic reasoning by following means: (1) via the phenomenon of creative enthymeme, viz. the inference where one cannot even articulate the missing premise, I introduce a connectionist mechanism of pattern recognition as underlying expertise; (2) via Gestalt switch or Gestalt click, I demonstrate how differences in pattern recognition of an expert and a novice can be construed as qualitatively different, and not merely a matter of faster reasoning.

Ključne riječi

enthymemes, expertise, cognitivism, connectionism, pattern, William Bechtel

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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