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Interpreting Mullā Ṣadrā on Man and the Origin of Thinking

Anthony F. Shaker

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 425 Kb

str. 485-505

preuzimanja: 238


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 425 Kb

str. 504-505

preuzimanja: 129


Puni tekst: njemački pdf 425 Kb

str. 505-505

preuzimanja: 172


Puni tekst: francuski pdf 425 Kb

str. 505-505

preuzimanja: 122



This paper explores key aspects of Mullā Ṣadrā’s understanding of man’s being in the world, where the embryo of perception and thinking is said to emerge under the unique conditions of man as the articulate social being. The same being who can speak also speaks to himself and about himself. But since man’s “true reality” finds its root in the divine knowing and being in a twofold existentiation, at the heart of his being in the world lies intellect by which he “returns” from materiality to his origin in the divine, where all knowing and being begin and end. The problem of knowing and being – also expressible in terms of the one and the many – dates back to the Presocratics. To situate Ṣadrā’s understanding of it, other philosophers are discussed, including Kant, the rationale of whose arguments surrounding the “I” were noted in Heidegger’s critique. This is not primarily an epistemological problem for Islamicate philosophy or bereft of wider interest in the social animal called “man” (insān).

Ključne riječi

Mullā Ṣadrā; Martin Heidegger; Immanuel Kant; Qūnawī; Abū Naṣr al Fārābī; Hadi Sabzavari; Ibn ʿArabi; Shahāb ad-Dīn” Suhrawardī; metaphysics; philosophy of language

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