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Deep eutectic solvents for purification of waste cooking oil and crude biodiesel

Ana Petračić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-3970-7762 ; Department of Mechanical and Thermal Process Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Matea Gavran ; Department of Mechanical and Thermal Process Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Ana Škunca ; Department of Mechanical and Thermal Process Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Lucija Štajduhar ; Department of Mechanical and Thermal Process Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Aleksandra Sander ; Department of Mechanical and Thermal Process Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 738 Kb

str. 21-26

preuzimanja: 124

citiraj


Sažetak

The goal of this work was to explore the applicability of deep eutectic solvents in biodiesel production process. Biodiesel was produced from waste cooking oil via base-catalysed transesterification. The efficacy of two base catalysts KOH and NaOH on the conversion of triglycerides into biodiesel was tested. Eutectic mixtures DES 1 (K2CO3  : C2H6O2  = 1 : 10) and DES 2 (C5H14ClNO  : C2H6O2 = 1 : 2) were prepared. DES 1 was used for feedstock deacidification and DES 2 for biodiesel purification via extraction. Effects of DES 2 to biodiesel ratio and the extraction duration on free glycerol removal were tested. Samples were analysed using FTIR and 1H NMR spectroscopy. Synthesis of biodiesel was carried out for 3 h at 60 ° C with mass ratio KOH : methanol : oil = 1 : 40 : 100. DES 2 was effective for purification of biodiesel. Mass ratios 0.5:1 and 1:1 proved best and 45 minutes of extraction was enough to reduce free glycerol and increase the content of fatty acid methyl esters.

Ključne riječi

biodiesel,glycerol,extraction,deep eutectic solvent,waste edible oil

Hrčak ID:

258769

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/258769

Datum izdavanja:

13.6.2021.

Posjeta: 383 *