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Remembering Protagoras

Daniel Bučan orcid id ; Laginjina 3, HR–10000 Zagreb

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 310 Kb

str. 273-277

preuzimanja: 173


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 310 Kb

str. 277-277

preuzimanja: 96



“Πάντων χρημάτων μέτρον ἐστὶν ἄνθρωπος, τῶν μὲν ὄντων ὡς ἔστιν, τῶν δὲ οὐκ ὄντων ὡς οὐκ ἔστιν [Pántôn khrēmátôn métron éstin ánthrôpos, tôn mèn όntôn hôs éstin, tôn dè ouk όntôn hôs ouk éstin]” – “The measure of all things is man; of things that are that they are, of things that are not that they are not”, said Protagoras. He who wants to consider (and to discuss) Protgoras’ statement should first look for the answer to the preliminary question “what man is?” Therefore, first the answer to this question will be sought for (with the help of Aristotle), so that Protagora’s statement be considered from the point of view of those answers, and tested within the scope of two aspects of man’s life – θεωρετικός βίος (theōretikόs bíos) and πολιτικός βίος (politikόs bíos). Finally, if Plato’s interpretation of Protagora’s statement as the affirmation of the principle of relativism (as in his criticism of Protagora in Theaitēt) is accepted, a tentative positioning of relativism and its meaning from the point of view of these two aspects of man’s life, as well as from the point of view of difference between sophism and philosophy (sophist and philosopher) will be proposed. At the end it will be suggested that Protagora’s statement could be interpreted differently, and that each of different interpretations can be meaningful from different philosophical positions.

Ključne riječi

Protagoras, what man is, Aristotle, θεωρετικός βίος, theōretikόs bíos, πολιτικός βίος, politikόs bíos, Plato, principle of relativism, sophism, philosophy

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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