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https://doi.org/10.15644/asc56/2/7

Impact of Gingival Margin Asymmetries on the Smile Esthetic Perception of Dental Specialists, Doctors of Dental Medicine, Students, and Laypeople: a Comparative Pilot Study

Martina Čalušić Šarac orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-1323-1433 ; Dom zdravlja Osječko-baranjske županije, Hrvatska
Sandra Anić Milošević orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-2641-2364 ; Zavod za ortodonciju Stomatološkog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Domagoj Vražić ; Zavod za parodontologiju Stomatološkog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Marko Jakovac orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-2098-4890 ; Zavod za fiksnu protetiku Stomatološkog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagreb, Zagreb, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 294 Kb

str. 162-168

preuzimanja: 314

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Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 294 Kb

str. 162-168

preuzimanja: 92

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Sažetak

Objective: To evaluate the perceptions of altered incisor gingival position among dental specialists, dentists, dental students, and laypeople. Material and methods: Four digital smile photographs with altered gingival margin position of the right maxillary incisor (0, 1, 2, and 3 mm) were presented to a sample of 232 respondents (71.1% female; 28.9% male): 42 dental specialists, 63 dentists, 33 dental students (1 st to 3 rd year), 38 dental students (4 th to 6 th year) and 56 laypeople. The questionnaire consisted of four randomly displayed photographs, administered via Google Form, and respondents were asked to rate the images on a scale from 1 to 5, from the least attractive to the most attractive. A statistical analysis was performed using the TIBCO Statistica program (v. 13.3. 0, TIBCO Software Inc., Palo Alto, CA, USA; 2017). According to the Shapiro- Wilk’s test, the data were not distributed normally. The Kruskal-Wallis test with post hoc multiple comparisons with the Bonferroni adjustment were used to compare group esthetic scores and to determine the threshold levels of deviation at which each group was discriminated between esthetic and non-esthetic situations. Results: Median values of esthetic scores decreased in all groups as the gingival asymmetries increased. Dental professionals were significantly more critical of esthetics than laypeople in all levels of asymmetry. The greatest difference was found for 2 mm of gingival asymmetry (p=0.002). Conclusion: From the results of our study, we can conclude that the perception of gingival asymmetries in the esthetic zone of smile differs among dental specialists, doctors, students, and laypeople. Dental specialists, doctors, and clinical students were more critical of these asymmetries, while preclinical students and laypeople noticed only 2 mm or more of gingival asymmetry of central incisors.

Ključne riječi

Gingiva; Incisor; Dental Esthetics; Smiling

Hrčak ID:

279112

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/279112

Datum izdavanja:

13.6.2022.

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 801 *