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THE TRANSITION PROCESS FROM SCHOOL TO WORK: A MACRO APPROACH

Alka Obadić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-8915-8853 ; Ekonomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Hrvatska
Martin Broz


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 1.244 Kb

str. 45-60

preuzimanja: 937

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Sažetak

Transition from education to work occurs at different points in time in different countries, depending on a range of educational and labour market characteristics. A purely micro-level approach to youth transitions would readily acknowledge the importance of contextual factors at the macro level. Individual expectations and actions are always affected by particular macro-level opportunity structures, mainly defined by the jobs available in particular occupations, industries, or regions for young people with particular qualifications and other resources.
This article provides a macro-level approach of the transition process from school to the world of work in the EU and OECD countries. The paper poses two main research questions: first, are there school-to-work transition differences according to educational level, race and sex, and second, does the level of education affect the spell duration of unemployment and employment?
The results indicate that the school-to-work transition speed differs in the selected group of countries by education level, race and sex. In seven of the ten European countries, the average search period for the first regular employment after graduation lasted for only 3 to 6 months and about 5% of those had been unemployed most of the time. The analysis shows that Spain, Italy and France consistently performed worst when considering the length of the transition process from school-to-work.

Ključne riječi

transition process, education, young workers, employment prospect

Hrčak ID:

38549

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/38549

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 2.061 *