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Stručni rad

Physicochemical and sensory properties of the Slavonian ham

Đuro Senčić ; Poljoprivredni fakultet u Osijeku, Trg sv. Trojstva 3, Osijek, Hrvatska
Danijela Samac ; Poljoprivredni fakultet u Osijeku, Trg sv. Trojstva 3, Osijek, Hrvatska
Josip Novoselec ; Poljoprivredni fakultet u Osijeku, Trg sv. Trojstva 3, Osijek, Hrvatska
Mario Škrivanko ; Veterinarski zavod Vinkovci, Josipa Kozarca 24, Vinkovci, Hrvatska
Dragan Kovačević ; Prehrambeno-tehnološki fakultet, Franje Kuhača 20, Osijek, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 143 Kb

str. 88-91

preuzimanja: 966

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Sažetak

Slavonian ham falls within the long-life smoked and cured meat category, produced by means of a special treatment of fresh pork
ham, which is rubbed in salt, smoked and matured throughout a certain period in specic microclimatic conditions. The quality of
22 Slavonian hams from the 4th National ham festival in Stari Mikanovci was examined. Hams were of about 16 months old and of
average mass of 7.50 kilo ± 1.60. The quality of the Slavonian hams was pretty uneven (unstandardized), which can be observed from
the value of variability of their physicochemical and sensory properties. The average pH value of the Slavonian hams (m. semimem-
branaceus) was 5.63 ± 0.19 , „L“ and „a“ values for color were 39.35 ± 2.13 and 17.32 ± 2.16 respectively, water content was 54.03% ±
3.82, crude protein content 29.95% ± 2.20 and crude fat content 7.20% ± 2.41. A high level of NaCl was found (8.37% ± 2.06), which
is above optimum values, and the corresponding aw value (0.86 ± 0.04). Grades for particular sensory properties were pretty much
variable. The highest variability (20.22%) was determined for appearance, and the lowest (5.04%) for taste. Research results point to
a considerable variability in the quality of the Slavonian ham and the need to provide standardization of its quality.

Ključne riječi

Slavonian ham, physicochemical properties, sensory properties

Hrčak ID:

61915

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/61915

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 1.837 *