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Original scientific paper

EFFECTS OF TWO DIFFERENT TRAINING PROGRAMS ON THE SIT-UP TEST IN THE SEVENTH GRADE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Dražen Harasin ; Kineziološki fakultet, Sveučilišta u Zagrebu
Mario Perković ; Elementary school „Dragutin Tadijanović“, Slavonski Brod
Nino Vidulin ; Polyclinic of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Pula


Full text: croatian pdf 443 Kb

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Abstract

Sit-up tests are used for measuring muscular
endurance at physical education class. The aim of the
study was to compare the efficiency of two types of the
training process: core stabilization exercises and
traditional trunk exercises on the sit-up test performed by
the seventh grade elementary students. Sixty students
began with the participation in the experimental program,
and forty seven of them (age 13,7 ± 0,3 years, height 161.6
cm ± 7.01 cm, weight 52.55 kg ± 11.73 kg) completed the
program. The classes were randomly divided into a
control group which worked on a running technique
(RTE) (N=14), an experimental group which performed
traditional trunk exercises (TTE, N=16) and another
experimental group which performed core stabilization
exercizes (CSE, N=17). The training process lasted for six
weeks. During that period physical education classes were
held ten times. The initial measurement was done a week
before the beginning of the treatment, and the final
measurement a week after finishing the treatment. The
average difference between the results in the initial and
final measurement was greatest with the students who
performed the additional training of core stabilization
exercises (d=4.53), somewhat smaller with those who
performed the additional training of traditional trunk
exercises (d=3.56), and the smallest with students in the
control group (d=0.29). In both experimental groups the
difference between the mean in the initial and final state
was statistically significant, while at students in the
control group the aforementioned difference did not reach
the level of statistical significance. Core stabilization
exercises and traditional trunk exercises efficiently
improve the muscular endurance of the trunk muscles.
Trunk muscle strengthening is better recommended with
core stabilization exercises, since they enable an efficient
improvement of the muscular endurance without longterm
detrimental effects on the spine.

Keywords

sit-up, core, low back pain, physical education, muscular endurance

Hrčak ID:

98237

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/98237

Article data in other languages: croatian

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