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Original scientific paper

ROLE OF FRA MARTIN NEDIĆ REGARDING INTRODUCTION OF THE TAXING THIRD OF 1848 IN THE UPRISING OF POSAVINA (ORAŠJE) IN 1857/1858

Tado ORŠOLIĆ


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Abstract

Fra Martin Nedić had a prominent role in Bosnia during the turbulent times of the midnineteenth century, when the Ottoman Empire was going through a particularly harsh economic and political period. Namely, the Empire initiated some agrarian reforms that
were rejected by the local Bosnian Muslim land holders and landowners, who did not want any reform. At the same time, the gravest burdens of such inadequate agrarian system
were paid by peasantry. Due to such harsh situation that was accompanied with unfair taxing system, Christian peasantry (Catholic and Orthodox equally) together with some Muslim peasants started to resist. After, so called, the Diet of Travnik in1848, that introduced
the taxing third in all the regions of Bosnia, the situation became even worse. During the period between 1856 and 1858 the situation became specially tensed since the peasantry rebellions against unfair taxes were at their peak. Thus in 1858 peasants from the region of Posavina (Sava river basin) also organized uprising that became known as the Uprising of Posavina or the Uprising of Orašje. Author of this article analyses questions related to the agrarian and taxing policies that caused peasants’ revolt. The stress is given to the roll of the fra Martin Nedić, who was protagonist of these events, and who
with his diplomatic and rhetorical skills tried to reduce such hard circumstances that oppressed Catholics.

Keywords

Fra Martin Nedić, taxes, taxing third, year 1848, years 1857/1858, Bosnian Posavina

Hrčak ID:

144074

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/144074

Article data in other languages: croatian

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