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Preliminary communication

Money and Career or Calling? Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Work Orientations and Job Satisfaction of Croatian and Slovenian Teachers

Majda Rijavec ; Faculty of Teacher Education University of Zagreb
Sonja Pečjak ; Faculty of Arts University of Ljubljana
Lana Jurčec ; Faculty of Teacher Education University of Zagreb
Polona Gradišek ; Faculty of Education University of Ljubljana

Full text: croatian pdf 297 Kb

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Full text: english pdf 297 Kb

page 201-223

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The aim of the present study was to explore whether teachers can be classified into groups according to their work orientations (job, career and calling orientation), and to examine differences between teachers of two transitional countries, Croatia and Slovenia according to their work orientation profiles. Work-life questionnaire (Wrzesniewski et al., 1997) and one item measuring job satisfaction were administered to 345 primary school subject teachers, 171 from Croatia and 176 from Slovenia. Cluster analysis identified two clusters of teachers with different work orientation profiles: intrinsically oriented (higher calling orientation/lower job/career orientation) and extrinsically oriented teachers (lower calling orientation/higher job/career orientation). The percentage of teachers in both countries was higher in the intrinsically oriented group but more teachers belonged to this group in the Croatian than the Slovenian sample (83% vs. 68% respectively). In both samples intrinsically oriented teachers had higher level of job satisfaction. It was concluded that transition period did not make teachers shift from the intrinsic to extrinsic work orientation neither in Slovenia nor in Croatia. Further studies are needed to explain higher percentage of intrinsically oriented teachers in Croatia. Findings from previous studies of higher job satisfaction of teachers with a calling orientation were confirmed.


job satisfaction; self-determination theory; teachers; transitional countries; work orientations

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Article data in other languages: croatian

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