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Original scientific paper



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In this work the legal and common-law characteristics of cooperative family life are based on published and unpublished works about family cooperatives in Lika, which describe cooperative living in the period from the mid-19th until the end of the 20th century. After a
critical review of the literature used, the author discusses the relationship between common-law, traditions, state legislation and cooperative family life. Referring to the contributions of B. Bogišića, which indicate the importance of the respect for common-law in the legal norms of rural families, suggesting the first law on cooperatives in the Military Border and the legal provisions of cooperatives until 1918. The following chapters show the impact of the agrarian crisis and economic emigration to the disappearance of cooperatives or their survival in specific adapted forms. A separate chapter is devoted to the influence of external and internal factors on the separation and dissolution of cooperatives by the mid-19th until the end of the 20th century. The presented examples show the diversity of forms of cooperative communal family after the separation of large cooperatives. Whilst going out into the world in search of jobs and economic solutions were often a major cause of the disintegration of cooperative families, in individual cases, cooperatives have survived precisely because of these emerging circumstances in the cooperative system of family life finding an easier way of business and securing better conditions of family life under deteriorating economic conditions. This is followed by a presentation of cooperative governance, management and the issue of private ownership in the older cooperatives in their specific forms in the final phase of communal life. Particularly interesting are recent
researches, unlike some older sources, they indicate a lower prevalence of private property within the cooperatives in the early stages of the communal life and different views regarding the
assimilation of a woman's dowry into a joint cooperative property or of its allocation as a separate part of the family or private property. All these differences indicate the complexity of customary and legal aspects of the issue of private property within the cooperative. In conclusion, the author summarizes the research results. She emphasizes that for the specific conclusions about cooperative family life in Lika it was necessary to have a larger number of samples of individual cooperatives from different periods of their existence, since they are within the same cooperative family in their older and newer generations and sometimes very different, as it was also proved in this research in a limited number of such samples. The
stereotypes, which are often used in descriptions of cooperative living, should be avoided, and the access for future research developments into cooperative life in a way that they perceive in all
their complexity and does not amount to simple orally conclusions based on general knowledge, attitudes and individuals without sufficient indicator of their cause and consequences of conditionalities and the variations.


family cooperatives; common law; administration; private property; Lika

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