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Original scientific paper

Terminology in Marković’s Ethics

Bojan Marotti   ORCID icon ; Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (214 KB) pages 487-505 downloads: 253* cite
APA 6th Edition
Marotti, B. (2018). Nazivlje u Markovićevoj Etici. Nova prisutnost, XVI (3), 487-505.
MLA 8th Edition
Marotti, Bojan. "Nazivlje u Markovićevoj Etici." Nova prisutnost, vol. XVI, no. 3, 2018, pp. 487-505. Accessed 23 Jan. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Marotti, Bojan. "Nazivlje u Markovićevoj Etici." Nova prisutnost XVI, no. 3 (2018): 487-505.
Marotti, B. (2018). 'Nazivlje u Markovićevoj Etici', Nova prisutnost, XVI(3), pp. 487-505.
Marotti B. Nazivlje u Markovićevoj Etici. Nova prisutnost [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2021 January 23];XVI(3):487-505.
B. Marotti, "Nazivlje u Markovićevoj Etici", Nova prisutnost, vol.XVI, no. 3, pp. 487-505, 2018. [Online].

Croatian philosopher, writer, and theatre and literary critic, the noble Franjo Marković (1845-1914), the first professor of philosophy at the restored University of Zagreb (1874), was born in Križevci, a small town in north-western Croatia. He attended the gymnasium at the Nobility Boarding School in Zagreb (1854-1862), and then studied Classics, Slavic studies, and philosophy in Vienna (1862-1865). He graduated in 1865, and the next year he passed his gymnasium professorship exam. He worked as an assistant at gymnasia in Osijek and Zagreb. In 1870, after one political protest, he left his service and went to Vienna for further study of philosophy, where he bacame a student of Herbart’s follower Robert Zimmermann, receiving his PhD in philosophy in 1872. He returned to Zagreb, becoming editor of Vienac (1872-1873). In 1874 he was appointed as the first head of the Department for philosophy and the dean of the Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb. He became a member of the Academy in 1876, and then rector of the University in the academic year 1881/1882.
He continued to teach until his retirement in 1909.
The Archives of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, as well as the Archives of the Department for the History of Croatian Literature at the Institute for History of the Croatian Literature, Theatre, and Music (which is also part of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts) preserve Marković’s rich manuscript heritage. This heritage contains primarily philosophical manuscripts. They are to a large extent related to lectures (or preparations for lectures) at various stages of completeness, which Marković held to his students at the University until he retired in 1909 and also on later occasions, so to say, until he died. Those manuscripts refer to different sections of philosophy because Marković taught almost all segments of philosophy, from logics to aesthetics, as well as some sciences that are no longer regarded as parts of philosophy, for example psychology and pedagogy.
As the first professor of philosophy with a systematic teaching record, translating and writing in Croatian language (and not Latin, Italian, Hungarian or German), Marković made a substantial impact on the development of Croatian philosophical terminology, because in his philosophy, as it could be seen in manuscripts, Marković paid a great attention to the terminology in general, and especially to the philosophical terminology.
In this paper, his concern for (philosophical) terminology is demonstrated by the example of his Ethics. From this work, two hundred words have been chosen, most of which can be considered philosophical or, broadly speaking, scientific terms, but some of them also belong to the general (or every day) language. To determine how many of these words have been verified in the Croatian language, six Croatian dictionaries were selected, as follows: Dragutin Parčić, Vocabolario croato-italiano (1901), Dictionary of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts (1880-1976), Ivan Broz and Franjo Iveković, Rječnik hrvatskoga jezika (1901), Jure Šonje (ed. in chief), Rječnik hrvatskoga jezika (2000), Vladimir Anić, Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika (2004), and Ljiljana Jojić (ed. in chief), Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga standardnog jezika (2015). After comparing and analyzing, the conclusion was made that the most Marković’s words have been verified in the Dictionary of the Croatian Academy, as well as in the Parčić’s Croatian-Italian Dictionary, somewhat less than 55%, while the remaining four dictionaries contain either less than 20% (Broz-Iveković, Šonje and Anić) or slightly over 20% (Jojić). These numbers show Marković’s concern for (philosophical) terminology, but, at the same time, they also point to the current state of Croatian (literary) language. And this is especially true if we look at the dictionaries of (Croatian) »contemporary« language, where barely twenty percent of Marković’s words can be verified.
Marković is usually understood as an aesthetician, and also as a follower of Johann Friedrich Herbart, but both are doubtful due to the fact that we know very little about Marković’s philosophy as a whole, better to say, we know only some chapters of that whole. Therefore, at the end of the paper, it is proposed that all Marković’s manuscripts should be published, so that the thought of one of the most important Croatian philosophers could finally be researched in its wholeness.

Franjo Marković; ethics; (philosophical) terminology; Croatian philosophy; Croatian lexicography; history of the Croatian language; Croatian Literary Language

Hrčak ID: 209165



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