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Growth and Essential Oils of Salvia officinalis Plants Derived from Conventional or Aeroponic Produced Seedlings

Boryanka Traykova   ORCID icon orcid.org/ORCID ; Department of Plant and Fungal Diversity and Resources, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences 23, Acad. G. Bonchev str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Marina Stanilova   ORCID icon orcid.org/ORCID ; Department of Plant and Fungal Diversity and Resources, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences 23, Acad. G. Bonchev str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Milena Nikolova   ORCID icon orcid.org/ORCID ; Department of Plant and Fungal Diversity and Resources, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences 23, Acad. G. Bonchev str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Strahil Berkov   ORCID icon orcid.org/ORCID ; Department of Plant and Fungal Diversity and Resources, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences 23, Acad. G. Bonchev str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (2 MB) str. 77-81 preuzimanja: 127* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Traykova, B., Stanilova, M., Nikolova, M. i Berkov, S. (2019). Growth and Essential Oils of Salvia officinalis Plants Derived from Conventional or Aeroponic Produced Seedlings. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 84 (1), 77-81. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/218539
MLA 8th Edition
Traykova, Boryanka, et al. "Growth and Essential Oils of Salvia officinalis Plants Derived from Conventional or Aeroponic Produced Seedlings." Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol. 84, br. 1, 2019, str. 77-81. https://hrcak.srce.hr/218539. Citirano 29.11.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Traykova, Boryanka, Marina Stanilova, Milena Nikolova i Strahil Berkov. "Growth and Essential Oils of Salvia officinalis Plants Derived from Conventional or Aeroponic Produced Seedlings." Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus 84, br. 1 (2019): 77-81. https://hrcak.srce.hr/218539
Harvard
Traykova, B., et al. (2019). 'Growth and Essential Oils of Salvia officinalis Plants Derived from Conventional or Aeroponic Produced Seedlings', Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 84(1), str. 77-81. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/218539 (Datum pristupa: 29.11.2020.)
Vancouver
Traykova B, Stanilova M, Nikolova M, Berkov S. Growth and Essential Oils of Salvia officinalis Plants Derived from Conventional or Aeroponic Produced Seedlings. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 29.11.2020.];84(1):77-81. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/218539
IEEE
B. Traykova, M. Stanilova, M. Nikolova i S. Berkov, "Growth and Essential Oils of Salvia officinalis Plants Derived from Conventional or Aeroponic Produced Seedlings", Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol.84, br. 1, str. 77-81, 2019. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/218539. [Citirano: 29.11.2020.]

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Sažetak
Salvia officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) is cultivated in many countries as a valuable medicinal and aromatic plant with antiseptic and spasmolytic effects due to its essential oils, used as ingredient in many phytopreparations. The present study aimed to enhance the growth of S. officinalis plants and to improve the essential oil quality, applying hydroponic technology. Seeds of cultivated S. officinalis were used as initial material: experimental seeds were germinated on aeroponic vertical system into peat cubes in pots with keramzite and control ones in terrines with ordinary soil. All seedlings were transferred to the greenhouse in pots with sterilized compost and universal soil mixture. The morphometric parameters of both groups, 80 seedlings each, were compared after two months; 36 plants per group were transferred to the field plot, and herbage of 10 randomly chosen plants per group was harvested during the full flowering stage in two consecutive years. Essential oils were extracted on Clevenger apparatus and their composition was analyzed by GC/MS. Conventionally obtained seedlings were significantly higher (P<0.001), while aeroponically derived plants increased their biomass by 18.4%, ramified earlier, and developed much more generative shoots (p<0.05). Plants’ size of the two groups equalized at the second year, essential oils yield being about 1.1% w/v. Some fluctuations in essential oils composition was noticed in the two groups and the two years. To summarize, application of aeroponic system shortened the period from germination to harvest, enhanced plants flowering and reflected on the composition of the essential oils.

Ključne riječi
sage, medicinal and aromatic plant; hydroponic technologies, cultivation

Hrčak ID: 218539

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/218539

Posjeta: 255 *