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In vitro Evaluation of Siam Weed (Chromolaena odorata) Additive as a Potential Rumen Modifier in West African Dwarf Bucks

Adebayo Oni ; Department of Animal Nutrition, Federal University of Agriculture, PMB 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State
Bobby-Joe Ogadu ; Department of Animal Nutrition, Federal University of Agriculture, PMB 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State
Oludotun Adelusi ; Department of Animal Nutrition, Federal University of Agriculture, PMB 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State
Olusiji Sowande ; Department of Animal Production and Health, Federal University of Agriculture, PMB 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State
Chryss Friday Onwuka ; Department of Animal Nutrition, Federal University of Agriculture, PMB 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State
Azeez Yusuf   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-8555-8737 ; Department of Animal Production and Health, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (556 KB) str. 165-172 preuzimanja: 19* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Oni, A., Ogadu, B., Adelusi, O., Sowande, O., Onwuka, C.F. i Yusuf, A. (2021). In vitro Evaluation of Siam Weed (Chromolaena odorata) Additive as a Potential Rumen Modifier in West African Dwarf Bucks. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 86 (2), 165-172. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/259584
MLA 8th Edition
Oni, Adebayo, et al. "In vitro Evaluation of Siam Weed (Chromolaena odorata) Additive as a Potential Rumen Modifier in West African Dwarf Bucks." Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol. 86, br. 2, 2021, str. 165-172. https://hrcak.srce.hr/259584. Citirano 25.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Oni, Adebayo, Bobby-Joe Ogadu, Oludotun Adelusi, Olusiji Sowande, Chryss Friday Onwuka i Azeez Yusuf. "In vitro Evaluation of Siam Weed (Chromolaena odorata) Additive as a Potential Rumen Modifier in West African Dwarf Bucks." Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus 86, br. 2 (2021): 165-172. https://hrcak.srce.hr/259584
Harvard
Oni, A., et al. (2021). 'In vitro Evaluation of Siam Weed (Chromolaena odorata) Additive as a Potential Rumen Modifier in West African Dwarf Bucks', Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 86(2), str. 165-172. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/259584 (Datum pristupa: 25.10.2021.)
Vancouver
Oni A, Ogadu B, Adelusi O, Sowande O, Onwuka CF, Yusuf A. In vitro Evaluation of Siam Weed (Chromolaena odorata) Additive as a Potential Rumen Modifier in West African Dwarf Bucks. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus [Internet]. 2021 [pristupljeno 25.10.2021.];86(2):165-172. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/259584
IEEE
A. Oni, B. Ogadu, O. Adelusi, O. Sowande, C.F. Onwuka i A. Yusuf, "In vitro Evaluation of Siam Weed (Chromolaena odorata) Additive as a Potential Rumen Modifier in West African Dwarf Bucks", Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol.86, br. 2, str. 165-172, 2021. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/259584. [Citirano: 25.10.2021.]

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Sažetak
Recently, bioactive components of plants and plant parts of most trees and browse species have been used as rumen modifiers to reduce methane gas production in ruminants, thereby reducing their contribution to the implicated greenhouse effect. This study, therefore, evaluated the probable use of Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob. (Siam weed) leaves as rumen modifier in West African Dwarf Bucks. Fresh C. odorata leaves were harvested, air dried for 3 weeks, milled using a 2 mm sieve size and bagged for both proximate and phytochemical analysis. Concentrate diets were formulated with C. odorata leaf meal included in the diet at 0, 2, 4 and 6% of the whole diet. Rumen fluids were collected from West African Dwarf (WAD) bucks (averaged 25 kg) using suction tube and assigned to the 4 experimental diets in a completely randomized design (CRD). The incubation of inocula was performed for 96 hours with 12 replicates per treatment in a single run and data obtained were subjected to one-way analysis of variance and the mean values were compared with Tukey’s Test. The results indicated that C. odorata had 969.0mg/kg dry matter, 17.51 % crude protein, 20.43% crude fibre, 52.16% nitrogen free extract, 1.99% saponin, 2.57% tannin, 1.08% flavonoid and 1.26% alkaloid. Addition of 2 and 4% C. odorata leaves to the diets resulted in increased (P < 0.05) in vitro gas production while C. odorata at 2% reduced (P < 0.05) the methane gas (%) estimate. In vitro organic and dry matter digestibility, total digestible substrates and short chain fatty acids were increased (P < 0.05) by the addition of C. odorata leaves to the diets. This study concluded that the use of C. odorata as an additive at 2 and 4% inclusion increased total gas output. However, 2% inclusion is beneficial as it reduces the net methane production while maintaining higher gas production and digestibility.

Ključne riječi
Chromolaena odorata, rumen modifier, methane, feeds and feeding

Hrčak ID: 259584

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/259584

Posjeta: 42 *