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Explanation in History

Marica Vernazza ; University of Zadar, Department of Philosophy, Zadar, Croatia

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (356 KB) str. 913-929 preuzimanja: 5.368* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Vernazza, M. (2008). Objašnjenje u povijesti. Filozofska istraživanja, 28 (4), 913-929. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/37070
MLA 8th Edition
Vernazza, Marica. "Objašnjenje u povijesti." Filozofska istraživanja, vol. 28, br. 4, 2008, str. 913-929. https://hrcak.srce.hr/37070. Citirano 19.06.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Vernazza, Marica. "Objašnjenje u povijesti." Filozofska istraživanja 28, br. 4 (2008): 913-929. https://hrcak.srce.hr/37070
Harvard
Vernazza, M. (2008). 'Objašnjenje u povijesti', Filozofska istraživanja, 28(4), str. 913-929. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/37070 (Datum pristupa: 19.06.2021.)
Vancouver
Vernazza M. Objašnjenje u povijesti. Filozofska istraživanja [Internet]. 2008 [pristupljeno 19.06.2021.];28(4):913-929. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/37070
IEEE
M. Vernazza, "Objašnjenje u povijesti", Filozofska istraživanja, vol.28, br. 4, str. 913-929, 2008. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/37070. [Citirano: 19.06.2021.]

Sažetak
The article discusses different types of explanation in history and tries at the same time to solve the problem of significance of historical explanation by discarding the methodological view according to which the natural sciences are based on explanation while social sciences are based solely on understanding. Historical explanations consist of a large number of singular testimonies and, in order to provide argument and unification for these testimonies, historians use only statistical generalizations since universal laws that govern historical processes to which the testimonies refer cannot be determined. However, the reconstruction of historical events, processes and structures does not necessarily demand from the historian to describe their every single component. When we do research or trying to explain past events, we are never able to describe the causal relations for an event in their totality because a historical description of a single event can be applied only to a small number of its aspects and while trying to find what led to the event we inevitably have to stop at some point of the causal chain. History as a science is therefore faced with the infinity of its subject matter and consequently the historian must select the facts that he or she considers relevant for the explanation of a given problem. Precisely this selective approach in research represents the crucial difference existing between the research of human history and the subject matter of other sciences. Furthermore, history is always incomplete and open toward the future and, as the historical reality changes, accordingly the notion of historical science changes as well.

Ključne riječi
explanation; history; methodology; facts; structure; genesis; process; causality; generalization; determinism

Hrčak ID: 37070

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/37070

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 5.902 *