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Pregledni rad
https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544

Environmental state of the Slovenian part of the Adriatic Sea

Valentina Brečko Grubar ; Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities Koper, University of Primorska, Slovenia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (994 KB) str. 31-47 preuzimanja: 661* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Brečko Grubar, V. (2010). Environmental state of the Slovenian part of the Adriatic Sea. Geoadria, 15 (1), 31-47. https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544
MLA 8th Edition
Brečko Grubar, Valentina. "Environmental state of the Slovenian part of the Adriatic Sea." Geoadria, vol. 15, br. 1, 2010, str. 31-47. https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544. Citirano 08.04.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Brečko Grubar, Valentina. "Environmental state of the Slovenian part of the Adriatic Sea." Geoadria 15, br. 1 (2010): 31-47. https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544
Harvard
Brečko Grubar, V. (2010). 'Environmental state of the Slovenian part of the Adriatic Sea', Geoadria, 15(1), str. 31-47. https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544
Vancouver
Brečko Grubar V. Environmental state of the Slovenian part of the Adriatic Sea. Geoadria [Internet]. 2010 [pristupljeno 08.04.2020.];15(1):31-47. https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544
IEEE
V. Brečko Grubar, "Environmental state of the Slovenian part of the Adriatic Sea", Geoadria, vol.15, br. 1, str. 31-47, 2010. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (994 KB) str. 31-47 preuzimanja: 306* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Brečko Grubar, V. (2010). Stanje okoliša slovenskog dijela Jadranskog mora. Geoadria, 15 (1), 31-47. https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544
MLA 8th Edition
Brečko Grubar, Valentina. "Stanje okoliša slovenskog dijela Jadranskog mora." Geoadria, vol. 15, br. 1, 2010, str. 31-47. https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544. Citirano 08.04.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Brečko Grubar, Valentina. "Stanje okoliša slovenskog dijela Jadranskog mora." Geoadria 15, br. 1 (2010): 31-47. https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544
Harvard
Brečko Grubar, V. (2010). 'Stanje okoliša slovenskog dijela Jadranskog mora', Geoadria, 15(1), str. 31-47. https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544
Vancouver
Brečko Grubar V. Stanje okoliša slovenskog dijela Jadranskog mora. Geoadria [Internet]. 2010 [pristupljeno 08.04.2020.];15(1):31-47. https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544
IEEE
V. Brečko Grubar, "Stanje okoliša slovenskog dijela Jadranskog mora", Geoadria, vol.15, br. 1, str. 31-47, 2010. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.15291/geoadria.544

Sažetak
Slovenian part of the Adriatic Sea is its most northern part which occupies approximately 200 km2 and is a part of the wider Gulf of Trieste. Slovenian coast consists of 47 kilometers of mostly steep, abrasive marl and sandstone coast. Low accumulation coast is located only at the mouths of the watercourses and represents but a smaller portion, whereas the smallest part is occupied by the limestone abrasion coast. Mainland coastal region is mostly hillside and has a very diverse relief, while plains, in smaller numbers, are located only in the lower parts of the river valleys. Slovenian sea indents the mainland by two larger gulfs: the Gulf of Koper and of Piran and is predominately very shallow. The average depth is around 18 m and the largest depth is 38 m at the Madona cape near Piran. Sea bottom is mostly covered by the thick layer of sediments deposited after the abrasion of the steep cliff coast and by the accumulation of the river alluvium. Due to its shallowness the sea is exposed to high temperature fluctuations and due to the fresh water influx also to the changes of its salinity. The circulation of the sea water is mainly induced by the tide and wind activities, mostly the Bora (strong north-easterly wind) which significantly influences the vertical circulation of the water. Water current is weak and unstable. There is a large influx of nutrients into the Slovenian sea, resulting from the soil erosion, surface water influx, watercourses and direct emissions of waste waters into the sea. The consequence of the mentioned sea characteristics is a great landscape sensitivity of the coastal sea ecosystem. During summer the sea warms intensely and when accompanied by the weak water circulation, we are often witnessing the lack of oxygen in the deeper layers of the water, intensive algae growth and sea blooming, which points to exceeded self-cleaning (assimilation) capacities of the marine ecosystem. The major polluters are the coastal towns of: Koper, Izola, Piran and Portorož, nautical tourism with marines, naval traffic and the port activity of the Luka Koper. The pressures on the marine ecosystem due to the human activities are still increasing, both on the mainland and in the sea, despite some measures to reduce the pollution. According to the assessment of the Mediterranean action plan (UNEP-MAP), Slovenian coastal sea is, due to its oceanographic characteristics and the economic activities influence, ranked among the most sensitive and endangered parts of the Mediterranean. Environmental state of the Slovenian part of the Adriatic Sea will try to be presented through the DPSIR model or the amended Integral Model of Geographical Study of the Environment and its Components.

Ključne riječi
environmental state; landscape sensitivity; burdening factors; pollution; The Gulf of Trieste; The Adriatic Sea; Slovenia

Hrčak ID: 55274

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/55274

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.407 *