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Nursing journal

Journal included in HRČAK

Status in HRČAK: active
ISSN 1331-7563 (Print)
ISSN 1848-705X (Online)
UDK: 614.253.2
Publisher: Croatian Nurses Association
  Zagreb, Sortina 1a
Guidelines for authors (174 KB)
Guidelines for references (187 KB)
Guidelines for reviewers (127 KB)
Impressum (41 KB)

[ISSN 1331-7563] [E-ISSN 1848-705X]
Sestrinski glasnik/Nursing Journal (SG/NJ) is a peer reviewed journal opened to scientists from all fields of bio-medicine and health related research, providing a forum for the publication of high quality original research, re-view, brief communications, and case reports, Letters to the editor, and images in nursing.
SG/NJ welcomes scientific contributions [manuscript types] in the field of nursing education, practice, research, health care education, midwifery, and ethics in medicine, nursing management, public health and the history of nursing and medicine.
Papers from the annual meetings of the Croatian Nurses Association, American Organization of Nurse Executives, European Federation of Nurses Associations and International Council of Nurses that support the evidence-based practice for educationalists worldwide will also be considered in the course of the following year.
The journal will publish papers that show originality and high standards of presentation, in particular, work that is original, analytical and constructively critical of both previous work and current initiatives.
Authors are invited to submit articles which will stimulate debate on research in nursing and related health care ed-ucation, and which will meet and develop the journal’s academic and ethical standards.
Incorporated images are welcome.
All manuscripts must be written in Croatian or English and in accordance with the ICMJE Recommendations (Recommendations by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, formerly the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts) available at the webpage:
All manuscripts are subject to review by the Editor in Chief, Associate Editors, invited referees and a statistician when appropriate. Acceptance is based upon the originality, significance, and validity of the material presented.
PARTICULAR REMARK: The International Editorial Board and Executive Committee encouraged the authors to write articles on English language.
Google Scholar
Open Access Library
Višnja Vičić-Hudorović
Associate Editor
Aleksandra Vidoša, Zagreb, Croatia
Editorial Committee
Josipa Bišćan, mag. med. techn.,
Policlinic Medikol, Zagreb, Croatia;
Narcis Hudorović, MD, PhD, Clinical Hospital Centre
„Sestre milosrdnice, Zagreb, Croatia;
Mirjana Kozina, mag. med. techn.,
Medical School „Vrapče“ Zagreb, Croatia;
Lupieri Tanja, mag. med. techn.,
Clinical Hospital „Sveti Duh“, Zagreb, Croatia;
Branka Rimac, mag. med. techn.,
Clinical Hospital Centre „Rebro“,Zagreb, Croatia;
Žarković Neven, MD, PhD,
Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia;
International Editorial Council
Pamela Austin Thompson, MS, RN, CENP, FAAN, Chief Executive Officer, AONE (Chicago,USA);
Bojana Filej, Coordinator of Educational Programs,
Alma Mater Europaea, Maribor, (Slovenia);
Marie-France Liefgen, Vice-president ANIL,
EAPC, (Luxemburg);
Garry Maggi, Assist Dean -knowledge services at St Joseph’s HHC, Syracuse, New York, (USA);
Paul de Raeve, Secretary General European
Federation of Nurses Associations (EFN), Brussels,(Belgium);
Advisory Board
Vesna Barbarić, Croatia;
Nevenka Begić, Croatia;
Zinka Bratuša, Croatia;
Viktorija Bušić, Croatia;
Irena Danyi Holetić, Croatia;
Bosiljka Devčić, Croatia;
Đurđica Duh, Croatia;
Sanda Franković, Croatia;
Marijeta Fištrek, Croatia;
Blaženka Horvat, Croatia;
Karmela Hrastinski, Croatia;
Gordana Kičin Ercegovac, Croatia;
Hrvoje Kaurin, Croatia;
Vilma Kolarić, Croatia;
Kristina Kužnik, Croatia;
Ivana Lubina, Croatia;
Branka Svetec, Croatia;
Snježana Slabinjac Kordiš, Croatia;
Ljerka Pavković, Croatia;
Bruna Sokolić, Croatia;
Mario Škalic, Croatia;
Draženka Tenšek, Croatia;
Milica Tikvić, Croatia;
Aleksandar Trbojević, Croatia;
Radmila Vrbat, Croatia;

Magdalena Gilja

Electronic editors
Marko Stanić

Croatian Language Editor
Petra Gverić Katana

Proofreader for English Language
Petra Gverić Katana

Peer review: peer review, national peer review, single, only scientific papers, single blind review

First year of publication: 1995

Frequency (annually): 3

Scientific disciplines and subdisciplines: Biomedicine and Healthcare; Basic Medical Sciences; Clinical Medical Sciences; Public Health and Health Care;

Date added to HRČAK: 7 March 2013


Language (usage and editing services)
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier’s WebShop (
All correspondence, including notification of the Editor’s decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.
Please submit your article to the Editor in Chief to e-mail:, or to the editorial office at:
Submission letter
All new manuscripts should be accompanied by a submission letter that includes the following statements:
(a) there has been no duplicate publication or submission elsewhere;
(b) all authors have read and approved the manuscript;
(c) subject to acceptance, authors will transfer copyright to the Publisher; and
(d) there is no ethical problem or conflict of interest (see ethics in publishing).
The submission letter should also indicate the type of paper and the appropriate subject category.
The journal employs a double blind peer review process for all submissions.
Please submit the names and institutional e-mail addresses of several potential referees. Note that the editor in chief retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used.
From now on, all reviewers, editors, section editors, Editorial Board members, included in the publication process will also be asked to disclose any potential conflict of interest regarding the manuscript they are asked to review (primarily relationships with the pharmaceutical industry).
Use of word processing software
[only for articles written at English language]
The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor’s options to justify text.
However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier:
Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text.
To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the ‚spell-check’ and ‚grammar-check’ functions of your word processor.
Article structure
In order to meet the standards of scientific writing, the SG/NJ strongly advise the inexperienced authors, that be-fore the first submission, study the European Association of Scientific Editors [EASE] Guidelines for Authors and Translators of Scientific Articles to be Published in English (English and Croatian version, pdf format), available at:
Word Limits
Papers should not exceed 3000 words for an original article [OA], review article [RA], Editorial [ED], Historical Pages [HP], Patient safety [PS], Workplace safety [WPS] (excluding references). Brief Communication [BC], Case Report [CR], Essays [ES], Images in nursing [IiN] and Letter to the Editor [LTTE] should not exceed 1500 words.
Subdivision - numbered sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to ‘the text’. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Material and methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them.
A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1,etc.
Essential title page information
Title. Preferably must be concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Running head: It must be written on English and Croatian language.
Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a ‘Present address’ (or ‘Permanent address’) may be indicated as a footnote to that author’s name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address.
Your title page, numbered as 1, should give the title in capital letters (not exceeding 100 letters), and a running title (not exceeding 50 letters).
An abstract must be written at separate page, after the first page. It must be written on English and Croatian language. A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
For all original research articles, the abstract should be structured with the following headings: Introduction; Methods; Results; Discussion; Conclusion.
The abstract should be a maximum of 300 words.
Immediately after the abstract provide a maximum of 6 keywords. It must be written on English and Croatian language.
Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, ‘and’, ‘of’). These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI.
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair that provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.
Electronic artwork
General points
Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork. Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option. Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Times New Roman, Verdana, or use fonts that looks similar.
Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text. Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
Provide captions to illustrations separately.
Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the printed version. Submit each illustration as a sepa-rate file. A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available at:
You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.
If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please sup-ply ‘as is’ in the native document format.
Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please ‘Save as’ or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below): EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts. TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi. TIFF (or JPEG): Bit-mapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi. TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.
Please do not:
Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors; Supply files that are too low in resolution; Submit graphics that are disproportion-ately large for the content.
Illustration services
Elsevier’s WebShop ( offers Illustration Services to authors pre-paring to submit a manuscript but concerned about the quality of the images accompanying their article. Elsevier’s expert illustrators can produce scientific, technical and medical-style images, as well as a full range of charts, ta-bles and graphs.
Figure captions
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustra-tions themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either ‘Unpublished results’ or ‘Personal communication’. Citation of a reference as ‘in press’ implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Reference links
Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is encouraged.
Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given.
Reference style
Text: Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given.
Example: ‘..... as demonstrated [3,6]. Holland and Jones [8] obtained a different result ....’
List: Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.
Reference to a journal publication:
[1] Borneuf AM, Haigh C, 2010. The who and where of clinical skills teaching: a review from the UK perspective. Nurse Education Today. 2010; 30: 197-201.
Reference to a book:
[2] W. Strunk Jr., E.B. White, The Elements of Style, fourth ed., Longman, New York, 2000.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
[3] G.R. Mettam, L.B. Adams, How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: B.S. Jones, R.Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age, E-Publishing Inc., New York, 2009, pp. 281–304.
Journal abbreviations source
Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations: The list of abbreviations is available at:
Video data
SG/NJ accepts animation sequences to support and enhance your scientific research. Authors who have animation files that they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include links to these within the body of the article.
In order to ensure that your animation material is directly usable, please provide the files in one of our recom-mended file formats with a preferred maximum size of 5 MB. For more detailed instructions please visit: Note: since video and animation cannot be embedded in the print ver-sion of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic and the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content.
Supplementary data
In order to ensure that your submitted material is directly usable please provide the data in one of our recom-mended file formats. Authors should submit the material in electronic format together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file. For more detailed instructions please visit artwork instruction pages at

Submission checklist [before submission]
The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.
Ensure that the following items are present:
One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
E-mail address;
Full postal address;
Phone numbers;
All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
All figure captions;
All tables (including title, description);
Further considerations
Manuscript has been ‘spell-checked’ and ‘grammar-checked’
References are in the correct format for SG/NJ
All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
Colour figures are not accepted by the SG/NJ.
For any further information please visit our customer support site at
Manuscript types
The journal publishes the following types of papers:
Nursing education
Nursing practice
Health care education
Ethics in nursing and medicine
Nursing management
Public health
History of nursing and medicine
Manuscript format et style
Original article [OA] - 3000 word count
The NJ gives priority to reports of original research that are likely to change thinking about nursing science. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) should be reported in accordance with a recognized checklist. The checklist used should be mentioned in the Materials and methods section.
Brief Communication [BC] - 1500 word count
BC outlines a substantial jump in thinking that is testable. New data are not part of a BC, but you must include a section on how to test your idea.

Case Reports [CR] - 1500 word count
These papers describe, in 1500 words, a single interesting case, which should not be a rarity and that provides a teaching point.
Editorial [ED] - 3000 word count
The voice of the NJ, editorials are written in house by the journal editorial-writing team.
Essays [ES] – 1500 word count
An essay is a personal comment that appeals to our international readership of medical doctors. These original, opinion based essays strictly by a single author have no abstract and no more than 1500 words and up to 30 references. A word count of the manuscript must be provided with the submission. The best personal view pieces make a single strong, innovative, and well‐argued point. The essays should be up‐to‐date, perceptive, and with relevance to modern medicine.
Historical Pages [HP] - 3000 word count
Disease focused overviews for the generalist, covering epidemiology, diagnosis and management.
Review article [REV] - 3000 word count
When writing any review paper, it is important that there should be complete transparency about the choice of material included. Since these papers should be comprehensive, we encourage citation of publications in non-English languages.
Patient safety [PS] - 3000 word count
Sentinel event monitoring and reporting, root cause analysis, incident reporting, medication safety policy and procedures, integration technology into patient care processes, cost-benefit analysis.
Workplace safety [WPS] - 3000 word count
Providing a wide overview of everyday nurses procedures, topics, with analysis of the pathologic, anatomic and physiologic conditions, evaluation of results, and recommendations for appropriate procedures. Improve quality indicated by cost-effectiveness and customer satisfaction.
Letter to the editor [LTTE] - 1000 word count
A letter sent to a journal about issues of concern from its readers.
Images in nursing [IN]
Illustrations that are in connection with the congresses, symposia.
Figures including composite parts a,b,c, etc. will only be allowed if ALL of the constituting parts are mounted into 1 image / 1 electronic file.
IMPORTANT: All papers submitted not-conforming to the above specifications will not be considered for review and immediately returned to the authors - note that it saves time and effort to submit correctly the first time around.
Language. Manuscripts must be written in Croatian or English. Spelling can be British or American, but consistent throughout.

Some types of research reports require specific organization of the manuscript and presentation of data. We ask authors to follow available recommendations for the following study designs. Examples include PRISMA for meta‐analyses of randomized controlled trials (http://www.stard‐, MOOSE for meta‐analyses of epidemiological studies (‐abstract/192614), AMSTAR for systematic reviews (, STARD for studies of diagnostic accuracy (http://www.stard‐, STROBE for reporting observational studies in epidemiology (cohort, case‐control, and cross‐sectional studies; https://www.strobe‐‐home), ARRIVE for research using laboratory animals (‐guidelines), CONSORT for randomized controlled trials (http://www.consort‐, TREND for non‐ randomized controlled trials (, SQUIRE for quality improvement studies in health care (http://www.squire‐, COREQ for reporting qualitative research (‐criteria‐for‐reporting‐ qualitative), and CARE for case reports (‐ Where the subjects of research comprise organisms capable of differentiation by sex and/or by gender the authors should follow SAGER guidelines (‐016‐0007‐6). The latest updates of reporting guidelines are available from the EQUATOR Network ‐ an international initiative that seeks to enhance reliability and value of medical research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting of research studies (‐centre/library‐ofhealth‐research‐reporting/). The authors have to submit relevant checklist and flow diagrams with their manuscript.
Revised manuscripts
Label accordingly (2nd, 3rd version) including new figures, videos and tables; provide a covering letter, replying point-by-point to the Editor’s and referees’ comments, and describing the changes which have been made in the revised version. Highlight the changes in the revised manuscript to facilitate editorial reassessment.
Submission of manuscripts. To submit a revised manuscript, please prepare your manuscript according to the instructions set forth in detail. Revised articles are submitted simultaneously, by e-mail to the Editor-in-chief and NJ editorial office:;

The journal employs a double blind peer review process for all submissions. There is no authorship charges and publication fee.


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