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A Comparison of Methods Used to Define the Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Croatian Wines

Jasenka Piljac ; Department of Molecular Biology, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička c. 54, PO Box 180, HR-10000, Zagreb, Croatia
Sanja Martinez ; Department of Electrochemistry, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Savska c. 16/I, PO Box 177, HR-10000, Zagreb, Croatia
Lidija Valek ; Department of Electrochemistry, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Savska c. 16/I, PO Box 177, HR-10000, Zagreb, Croatia
Tamara Stipčević ; Department of Molecular Medicine, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička c. 54, PO Box 180, HR-10000, Zagreb, Croatia
Karin Kovačević Ganić ; Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, HR-10000, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (118 KB) str. 271-276 preuzimanja: 1.976* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Piljac, J., Martinez, S., Valek, L., Stipčević, T. i Kovačević Ganić, K. (2005). A Comparison of Methods Used to Define the Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Croatian Wines. Food Technology and Biotechnology, 43 (3), 271-276. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/110544
MLA 8th Edition
Piljac, Jasenka, et al. "A Comparison of Methods Used to Define the Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Croatian Wines." Food Technology and Biotechnology, vol. 43, br. 3, 2005, str. 271-276. https://hrcak.srce.hr/110544. Citirano 20.10.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Piljac, Jasenka, Sanja Martinez, Lidija Valek, Tamara Stipčević i Karin Kovačević Ganić. "A Comparison of Methods Used to Define the Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Croatian Wines." Food Technology and Biotechnology 43, br. 3 (2005): 271-276. https://hrcak.srce.hr/110544
Harvard
Piljac, J., et al. (2005). 'A Comparison of Methods Used to Define the Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Croatian Wines', Food Technology and Biotechnology, 43(3), str. 271-276. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/110544 (Datum pristupa: 20.10.2020.)
Vancouver
Piljac J, Martinez S, Valek L, Stipčević T, Kovačević Ganić K. A Comparison of Methods Used to Define the Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Croatian Wines. Food Technology and Biotechnology [Internet]. 2005 [pristupljeno 20.10.2020.];43(3):271-276. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/110544
IEEE
J. Piljac, S. Martinez, L. Valek, T. Stipčević i K. Kovačević Ganić, "A Comparison of Methods Used to Define the Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Croatian Wines", Food Technology and Biotechnology, vol.43, br. 3, str. 271-276, 2005. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/110544. [Citirano: 20.10.2020.]

Sažetak
Concentrations of phenolic antioxidants and antioxidant activities were determined for three different vintages of red varietal Plavac mali wines (Grgich), white varietal Pošip wines (Grgich) and white varietal Žlahtina wines (Gršković). All three mentioned cultivars (Vitis vinifera L.) are well exploited in vineyards along the Croatian coast. Two different tests, the spectrophotometric Folin-Ciocalteau test and redox derivative potentiometric titration with electrogenerated chlorine, were used to quantify phenolic antioxidants and express them in gallic acid equivalents. The sequence of wines obtained by the two methods, ranked according to the increasing phenolic content, was comparable. Among all the tested wines, Plavac mali of the vintage 2003 showed the highest phenol content of ~5 g/L. As expected, due to the lack of anthocyanins and other pigments present in red wines, all six white wines showed approximately ten times lower phenolic levels in comparison with red wines, averaging between 190–380 mg/L. This study demonstrates the utilization of quick and reliable analytical techniques, spectrophotometry and derivative potentiometric titration, in quantification of wine phenolics. The change in free radical scavenging ability of the same set of wines was evaluated according to the Brand-Williams assay. The results show, on average, eight times higher free radical scavenging ability of red wines. Also, a slight decrease in the free radical scavenging ability of the older vintage white wines was observed, while the antioxidant activities of the older vintage red wines (Plavac mali) were slightly higher, due to formation of condensed tannins with time.

Ključne riječi
wine antioxidants; polyphenols; antioxidant activity; potentiometric titration; Folin-Ciocalteau test

Hrčak ID: 110544

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/110544

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 2.234 *