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https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.16

Aflatoxin contamination of maize vended in Ondo state, Nigeria, and health risk assessment

KOLAWOLE I. AYENI ; Department of Microbiology, Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria
OLUWATOSIN M. AKINYEMI ; Department of Microbiology, Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria
TIHOMIR KOVAČ ; Department of Applied Chemistry and Ecology, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Franje Kuhača 20, Osijek, Croatia
CHIBUNDU N. EZEKIEL   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-2113-2948 ; Department of Microbiology, Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (693 KB) str. 123-129 preuzimanja: 244* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
AYENI, K.I., AKINYEMI, O.M., KOVAČ, T. i EZEKIEL, C.N. (2020). Aflatoxin contamination of maize vended in Ondo state, Nigeria, and health risk assessment. Croatian journal of food science and technology, 12 (1), 123-129. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.16
MLA 8th Edition
AYENI, KOLAWOLE I., et al. "Aflatoxin contamination of maize vended in Ondo state, Nigeria, and health risk assessment." Croatian journal of food science and technology, vol. 12, br. 1, 2020, str. 123-129. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.16. Citirano 20.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
AYENI, KOLAWOLE I., OLUWATOSIN M. AKINYEMI, TIHOMIR KOVAČ i CHIBUNDU N. EZEKIEL. "Aflatoxin contamination of maize vended in Ondo state, Nigeria, and health risk assessment." Croatian journal of food science and technology 12, br. 1 (2020): 123-129. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.16
Harvard
AYENI, K.I., et al. (2020). 'Aflatoxin contamination of maize vended in Ondo state, Nigeria, and health risk assessment', Croatian journal of food science and technology, 12(1), str. 123-129. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.16
Vancouver
AYENI KI, AKINYEMI OM, KOVAČ T, EZEKIEL CN. Aflatoxin contamination of maize vended in Ondo state, Nigeria, and health risk assessment. Croatian journal of food science and technology [Internet]. 2020 [pristupljeno 20.10.2021.];12(1):123-129. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.16
IEEE
K.I. AYENI, O.M. AKINYEMI, T. KOVAČ i C.N. EZEKIEL, "Aflatoxin contamination of maize vended in Ondo state, Nigeria, and health risk assessment", Croatian journal of food science and technology, vol.12, br. 1, str. 123-129, 2020. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.16

Sažetak
Aflatoxin contamination of maize is a serious food safety problem worldwide. Despite the widespread consumption of maize in Nigeria, there is limited data on aflatoxin contents of maize vended in open markets in Ondo state, Nigeria. A total of 140 maize samples randomly purchased from major markets in four locations in Ondo state, were screened for total aflatoxins using an ELISA method. Exposure and health risk assessments were performed for the maize consumers by the deterministic and Margin of exposure (MOE) approaches, respectively. About 99% of the maize were contaminated with total aflatoxins (range: 0.65–265 µg/kg; mean: 125.9 µg/kg). Aflatoxin levels exceeding the 4 µg/kg set by the European Union for total aflatoxins were found in 88% of the maize whilst more than one half contained at least 100 µg/kg aflatoxins. The average probable daily intake values were 830, 332 and 138 ng/kg bw/day for the average children, adolescent and adult populations, respectively. Consequently, MOEs for the respective populations were 0.20, 0.51 and 1.23, suggesting a high level of health risk for consumers of maize vended in open markets in Ondo state due to high aflatoxin levels. Maize farmers and households in Ondo state need urgent aflatoxin mitigation interventions.

Ključne riječi
aflatoxin; ELISA; food safety; maize; Nigeria

Hrčak ID: 238582

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/238582

Posjeta: 489 *