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Polyphenols and Antioxidant Capacity in Fruits and Vegetables Common in the Croatian Diet

Verica Dragović-Uzelac ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Danijela Bursać Kovačević ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Branka Levaj ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Sandra Pedisić ; University of Zadar, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Prolaz Kasandrića 6, 23000 Zadar, Croatia
Mirela Mezak ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Ana Tomljenović ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (136 KB) str. 175-179 preuzimanja: 1.495* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Dragović-Uzelac, V., Bursać Kovačević, D., Levaj, B., Pedisić, S., Mezak, M. i Tomljenović, A. (2009). Polyphenols and Antioxidant Capacity in Fruits and Vegetables Common in the Croatian Diet. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 74 (3), 175-179. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/47367
MLA 8th Edition
Dragović-Uzelac, Verica, et al. "Polyphenols and Antioxidant Capacity in Fruits and Vegetables Common in the Croatian Diet." Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol. 74, br. 3, 2009, str. 175-179. https://hrcak.srce.hr/47367. Citirano 28.11.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Dragović-Uzelac, Verica, Danijela Bursać Kovačević, Branka Levaj, Sandra Pedisić, Mirela Mezak i Ana Tomljenović. "Polyphenols and Antioxidant Capacity in Fruits and Vegetables Common in the Croatian Diet." Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus 74, br. 3 (2009): 175-179. https://hrcak.srce.hr/47367
Harvard
Dragović-Uzelac, V., et al. (2009). 'Polyphenols and Antioxidant Capacity in Fruits and Vegetables Common in the Croatian Diet', Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 74(3), str. 175-179. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/47367 (Datum pristupa: 28.11.2021.)
Vancouver
Dragović-Uzelac V, Bursać Kovačević D, Levaj B, Pedisić S, Mezak M, Tomljenović A. Polyphenols and Antioxidant Capacity in Fruits and Vegetables Common in the Croatian Diet. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus [Internet]. 2009 [pristupljeno 28.11.2021.];74(3):175-179. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/47367
IEEE
V. Dragović-Uzelac, D. Bursać Kovačević, B. Levaj, S. Pedisić, M. Mezak i A. Tomljenović, "Polyphenols and Antioxidant Capacity in Fruits and Vegetables Common in the Croatian Diet", Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol.74, br. 3, str. 175-179, 2009. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/47367. [Citirano: 28.11.2021.]

Sažetak
The objective of this study was to determine the polyphenol content (total phenols, flavonoids, nonflavonoids, anthocyanins) and antioxidant capacity in selected fruits (apple, ‘Idared’; apricot, ‘Madjarska najbolja’; blueberry, ‘Bluecrop’; mandarin, ‘Kuno’; orange, unknown; sour cherry, ‘Marasca’; strawberry, ‘Maya’ and peach, ‘Redhaven’) and vegetables (broccoli, ‘Belstar’ -flower and steam; cauliflower, ‘Favola’; kale, ‘Melissa’ and leek-leaf and root -unknown) commonly consumed in the Croatian diet. Total phenols, flavonoids and nonflavonoids were measured calorimetrically by using the Folin-Ciocalteu reagent with gallic acid as the standard; anthocyanins were determined using bisulphite bleaching method using cyanidin-3-diglucoside as standard, whereas antioxidant capacity was measured using DPPH method. The highest total polyphenols were observed in sour cherry as 2560 mg GAE/kg fresh weight (FW), followed by blueberry, orange, mandarin, strawberry, apple, apricot, and peach. Among vegetables the highest concentration of total polyphenols was determined in kale (1039 mg GAE/kg FW) followed by broccoli flower, broccoli steam, leek leaf, leek root and cauliflower. In all investigated fruits, as well as vegetables, total flavonoids were predominant polyphenols. Total nonflavonoids were present in low concentration especially in leek leaf, broccoli flower and leek root. The highest antioxidant capacity in fruit and vegetables was determined in samples with higher concentration of flavonoids. In selected fruits, there was a distinct correlation between total phenols or flavonoids and antioxidant capacity, while in vegetable the correlation was not observed.

Ključne riječi
polyphenols; anthocyanins; antioxidant capacity; fruits; vegetables

Hrčak ID: 47367

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/47367

Posjeta: 2.055 *