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https://doi.org/10.21464/sp31211

A Discourse on the Soul in Later Islamic Philosophy

Mehdi Aminrazavi ; University of Mary Washington, 1310 College Avenue, Fredericksburg, Virginia 22401, USA


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 547 Kb

str. 371-383

preuzimanja: 1.169

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Puni tekst: engleski pdf 547 Kb

str. 371-383

preuzimanja: 311

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Puni tekst: francuski pdf 547 Kb

str. 371-383

preuzimanja: 228

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Puni tekst: njemački pdf 547 Kb

str. 371-383

preuzimanja: 139

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Sažetak

Despite the significance of later Islamic philosophical tradition, it has remained a neglected area of study. In this article, the evolution of the concept of the soul from its Avicennian context to post-Avicennian philosophical tradition has been discussed. While the author knows of no Islamic philosopher who rejected the Peripatetic notion of the soul, post-Avicennian philosophers have added much to the discourse on the soul. Beginning with Al-Ghazzālī, we see a gradual gnosticization of the concept of the soul that reaches its zenith in the writings of Shihāb al-Dīn Suhrawardī. Having traced Suhrawardī’s illuminationist (ishrāqī) doctrine of the soul, we proceeded to discuss the views of some of the ishrāqī figures on the subject matter and then explored how the concept of the soul changed in Mullā Sadrā’s School of Transcendent Philosophy (al-Ḥikmat al-Mutiʻalliyah). The article ends with a general overview of the modern commentators of later philosophical tradition in Islam and those that have been influential in shaping the evolution of the concept of the soul in the modern world.

Ključne riječi

the concept of the soul and self (ruḥ/nafs), the Peripatetic notion of the soul, post-Avicennian philosophers, Suhrawardī’s illuminationist (ishrāqī) doctrine of the soul, Mullā Sadrā’s School of Transcendent Philosophy (al-Ḥikmat al-Mutiʻalliyah), post-Sadrian philosophy

Hrčak ID:

185361

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/185361

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