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Review article

Anabolics in meat production - effects in farm animals and threats to the health of consumers

Jelka Pleadin orcid id ; Hrvatski veterinarski institut, Laboratorij za analitičku kemiju Zagreb
Tanja Bogdanović ; Hrvatski veterinarski institut, Veterinarski zavod Split, Laboratorij za analitičku kemiju i rezidue

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page 59-67

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Anabolics stimulate tissue growth through their influence on the metabolic processes involved in protein synthesis and degradation of fats and their use in livestock production generate significant yields and acceptable sensory characteristics of fresh meat. However, these substances accumulate and persist in the edible tissues, and since the number anabolic substances demonstrated the toxicity, the European Commission has banned the use of all substances with anabolic effect, and allowed the application of only certain substances exclusively for therapeutic purposes. Among them, the natural hormones are also physiologically present in biological fluids and tissues of farm animals, making it difficult to estimate possible anabolic application or judgment about the abuse of these substances. Due to insufficient data on physiological levels of natural hormones and their metabolites in different animal species, it is necessary to conduct further research into the link with a number of factors affecting the levels of these hormones. Due to the continuous development of new synthetic substances and possible abuse of the so-called “cocktails” with low ratios of active substances from this group, it requires a continuous monitoring during fattening and at slaughtering, with the ultimate goal of production of safe food of animal origin and protection of the consumers health.


anabolics, hormones, meat and meat products, toxic effects, farm animals

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