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Balance sheet of pork production and consumption in Croatia

prof. Ivo Grgić orcid id ; Agronomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Svetošimunska 25, Zagreb
Magdalena Zrakić, mag. ing. agr. orcid id ; Agronomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Svetošimunska 25,
doc. Lari Hadelan orcid id ; Agronomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Svetošimunska 25

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 620 Kb

str. 138-144

preuzimanja: 1.104


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 500 Kb

str. 160-165

preuzimanja: 448



The production and consumption of pork make up a significant share of many countries’ total production and consumption of food products.
The demand for pork is determined by income and population growth, while besides being influenced by these same factors, pork production is also determined by the price of animal feed, primarily corn. Most pork is produced in Asia (57.4%), followed by Europe (23.6%) and the Americas (17.4%). The most important world producers of pork are China (51%), United States of America (USA) (9%) and Germany (4%). In the period from 2000 to 2012, the number of pigs in Croatia was constantly decreasing, although with some annual fluctuations, and this trend is expected to continue until 2016. The same goes for the degree of self-sufficiency which in 2016 should be slightly above 50%. The lack of domestic production would be compensated by the import of pigs for slaughter and the import of pork and pork products mostly from other EU countries. The insufficient production of pork is to a large extent a consequence of low competitiveness of domestic production by reason of the relatively small number of pigs per producer, inadequate technology and high corn prices in the world market. A significant step
forward for a large part of small producers is the change of breed composition and the production of products with higher added value such as kulen (paprika-flavoured sausage), ham, prosciutto and the like.

Ključne riječi

pork, production-consumption balance, self-sufficiency, Croatia

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